White Ravens: 1994

202 books      

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 1
Akutagawa, Ryûnosuke (text)
Miyaimoto, Junko (illus.)
Torokko
(The Truck)
Tokyo: Kaiseisha, 1993. 40 p.
(Nihon no dôwa meisakusen)
ISBN 4-03-963610-4
Child - Fear – Relativity of Life
How unusual illustrations can be is shown in this picture book with "Yuzen''-coloring technique and batik, colored pictures on silk crepe, for a short story by the well-known modern classic writer Akutagawa. The wish of the eight-year-old village boy Ryohei to ride just once on a truck is granted one winter day. Immediately after that he must experience the terrible fear of being left alone in a strange place. In this way, the irony of life is symbolically shown. (10+)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 2
Awa, Naoko (text)
Ajito, Keiko (illus.)
Hanamame no nieru made - Sayo no monogatari
(Until the Beans are Cooked - The Story of Sayo)
Tokyo: Kaiseisha, 1993. 142 p.
(Keiseisha wandârando 10)
ISBN 4-03-540100-5
Modern Fairy Tale-Japan-Natural Spirit -Daughter
This author occupies a special position in Japanese children's literature on account of her fairy tales. She unites mysterious Nature with the reality of the profane world, whereby her tales usually end in tragedy or are marked with melancholy. This book contains six stories about a 12-year-old girl named Sayo, child of the son of a tavern owner and the daughter of a mountain spirit. Because of her great longing, her mother, transformed into wind, returns to her original world. At home and in nature marvelous things happen, Sayo becomes acquainted with natural spirits and demons and become wind. herself, like her mother. Still she feels lonely, until she is given a second mother. The title story received the second Hirosukedôwashô Prize. (10+)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 3
Hata, Yoshiko (text/illus.)
Kakekko shiyô
(Do you want to race?)
Tokyo: lwasaki shoten, 1993. 28 p.
ISBN 4-265-01127-6
Vitality - Nature
Who wants to race with me? calls out a young boy. First of all a bird answers, then a fish, then wind, clouds and rain, and finally the sun. The boy and the natural elements racing with him convey vitality, the fundamental theme of this picture book. The drama of the race is expressed in the colors and the vigorous brush strokes, which fascinate the reader. (3+)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 4
Ishiguro, Namiko (reteller)
Kajiyama, Toshio (reteller/illus.)
Dagodago korokoro
(An Old Woman and a Dumpling)
Tokyo: Fukilinkan shoten, 1994. [32] p.
ISBN 4-8340-121S-2
Folktale/Japan - Demon - Dragonfly -Gratitude
Toshio Kajiyama is one of the few illustrators who still cultivates the traditional Japanese style of painting. In this picture book he has reduced his characteristic brush stroke, making the pictures more memorable. Even the western reader will find them less foreign. This folktale deals with an old woman who must prepare rice dumplings for the demons and is rescued from the demon's captivity by the red dragonflies. (3+)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 5
Kadono, Eiko (text)
Hirono, Takako (illus.)
Majo no takkyûbin sono 2 - Kiki to atarashii mahô
(The Witch's Special Delivery Service. Vol. 2: Kiki and Her New Magic)
Tokyo: Fukuinkan shoten, 1993. 400 p.
ISBN 4-8340-1174-7
Witch - Independence - Identity Crisis
Fifteen-year-old Kiki is half witch, half human and thus endowed with only one kind of magic flying on a broom. For several years she has been living on her own, self-supporting through her special delivery service and is much loved by people. In the second volume she has a conflict of conscience and thus an identity crisis. The story is amusing, full of fantasy and quite realistically written. The reader can readily understand the behavior and reactions of the protagonist. (10+)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 6
Matsui, Tadashi (reteller)
Andô, Norika (illus.)
Oni no ko Kozuna
(The Demon Child Kozuna)
Tokyo: lwasaki shoten, 1993. 31 p.
ISBN 4-265-03333-4
Fairy Tale/Japan - Demon - Self-sacrifice
After a long search, the father finds his daughter, who was stolen away by a demon to become his wife and his captive. With tricks she manages to flee with her son and father. When the child becomes aware of his demonic nature, he begs to be buried. By his self-sacrifice, the village achieves prosperity. In this folktale the illustrator combines his own individual style of expression with elements of traditional Japanese painting. The pictures express the fantastic elements of the story in their daring coloration. (5+)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 7
Nakamura, Masako (text)
Nishimaki, Kayako (text/illus.)
Ekakiuta no hon
(The Songs of Drawing)
Tokyo: Fukuinkan shoten, 1993. 32 p.
ISBN 4-8340-1169-0
Drawing - Children's Rhyme - Children's Play
This book contains six merry painting games. The rhythm of the texts yield melodies quite on their own. Following each text, simple lines are drawn in a certain order which in the end fit together into pictures of, for instance, a girl, eyeglasses, a dinosaur, etc. This book consists not just of instructions for a game, but cleverly forms a chain story. In Japan such games are much loved by children. (3+)

Special Mention - Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 8
Sakata, Hiroo (text)
Chô, Shinta (illus.)
Dakuchiri dakuchiru - Hajimete no uta
(Dactyl Dactyl - The First Song of the World)
Tokyo: Fukuinkan shoten, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 4-8340-1220-4
Dinosaur - Loneliness - Harmony - Nature- Humanity
In spite of the roaring noise of the fire-spewing mountains all around him, the giant Iguanadon is lonely. One day he encounters a brother-like creature, the pterodactyl. Although he doesn't understand the grating language, he nonetheless is pleased to hear it- the first song in the world. Emotions are the source of poetry. Higher poetry can ultimately lead us to humanitarianism. This picture book shows connections which the young reader can readily understand since the simple pictures and brief text of this story form an ideal unity. (3+)
(Based on a poem by Valentin Dmitrievich Berestov)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 9
Watanabe, Shigeo (text)
Inoue, Yôsuke (illus.)
Tsukiyo no jidôsha
(A Car at Full Moon)
Tokyo: Kodansha, 1993. 32 p.
ISBN 4-06-131888-8
Environment - Animal/Man - Friendship
An old man who lives in an auto graveyard near the sea befriends a neighboring badger family. Together they build a vehicle from parts of the auto wrecks in order to carry awav the litter from the coastal shores. With folkloric elements such as the appearance of badgers, full-moon gazing, etc. and the idyllic nighttime scenes results in a poetic story about a contemporary theme "environment." Done in only a few colors, these pictures obtain an earthy character. (5+)

Japan (Japanese) - 1994 - 10
Yanagihara, Ryohei (text/illus.)
Kono nioi nan no nioi
(What is this smell?)
Tokyo: Kogumnsha, 1993. 32 p.
ISBN 4-7721-0116-0
Smell
The author, a specialist in the field of information books, attempts to create an image of the invisible sense of smell by associating his own personal images of odors with certain colors. The reader can, encouraged by this book, look for odors or live more consciously with odors. Objects and odors are presented in simplified form with graphic colors. (3+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 11
Fei, Shu Fen (text)
Zhu, Wei Xian (text)
Zhou, Shiang (illus.)
Don Zhi De Mong
(The Dream of the Winter Solstice)
Hang Zhou: Zhe Jiang Shao Nian Re Tong Chu Ban She, 1989. 46 p.
(Jiang Nan Feng Qin Re Tong Xi Lie San Wen Cong Shu)
ISBN 7-5342-0514-X
Winter Solstice - Family - Celebration/China - Small Town
The winter solstice has been a popular holiday from ancient times until today. On this day, people eat a special meal with the entire family and close relatives. Grandparents tell holiday stories to children, gathered around the fire in their warm and dark kitchens. Both authors come from small towns in eastern China and reminisce about this day with nostalgia. (10+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 12
Gong, Ze Hua (text)
Tu, Zai Hua (text)
Jin, Ya Zi (illus.)
Zhu Lin Qing Qing
(Green Bamboo Forest)
Hang Zhou: Zhe Jiang Shan Man Re Tong Chit Ban She, 1989. 39 p.
(Jiang Nan Feng Qin Re Tong Xi Lie San Wen Cong Shu)
ISBN 7-5342-0478-X
China (East) - Popular Culture – Everyday Life
In eastern China there are many small old towns and villages, narrow rivers and lakes. Life there was once peaceful and simple, imbued with traditional Chinese culture. In this series, the authors attempt to encourage an appreciation of this former way of life and feeling among the youth of today, who have lost or are losing touch with it. The "Green Bamboo Forest" is an attractive book of local-style paintings, which shows everyday life as it was in the past. "Gentle Songs" captures children's activities in former times in colorful paintings. (9+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 13
Gong, Ze Hua (text)
Tu, Zai Hua (text)
Huang, Fa Bang (illus.)
Wen Xin De Ge
(Gentle Songs)
Hang Zhou: Zhe Jiang Shao Man Re Tong Chu Ban She, 1989. 29 p.
(Jiang Nan Feng Qin Re Tong Xi Lie San Wen Cong Shu)
ISBN 7-5342-0479-8
China (East) - Popular Culture - Children's Play
In eastern China there are many small old towns and villages, narrow rivers and lakes. Life there was once peaceful and simple, imbued with traditional Chinese culture. In this series, the authors attempt to encourage an appreciation of this former way of life and feeling among the youth of today, who have lost or are losing touch with it. The "Green Bamboo Forest" is an attractive book of local-style paintings, which shows everyday life as it was in the past. "Gentle Songs" captures children's activities in former times in colorful paintings. (9+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 14
Jai, Ving (text)
Li, Heng Chen (illus.)
Hua Du Don
(Flower Sunshirt)
Beijing: Thong Guo Shao Nian Re Tong Chu Ban She, 1990. 20 p.
ISBN 7-5007-1054-2
Folktale/China - China/Clothing- Imagination
Even now in smaller towns or villages of China, children sometimes wear a special kind of clothing in summer called the flower sunshirt. It is said to have gotten this name from a kind and powerful snake who lost its life while helping a child. The story is beautiful but ends sadly, as all Chinese folktales must do. (7+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 15
Shen, Hu Gen (text)
Zhu, Bin Wen (text)
Wu, Ji De (illus.)
Mei Zi Yü
(Plum Rains)
Hang Zhou: Zhu Jiang Shao Nian Re Tong Chu Ban She, 1989. 36 p.
(Jiang Nan Feng Qin Re Tong Xi Lie San Wen Cong Shu)
ISBN 7-5342-0480-1
China (East) - Spring - Rain – Everyday Life
In springtime in eastern China it frequently rains. This is the time which people there call the "plum rains", when everything becomes green - the most beautiful time of the year. This book gives a charming view of this season and stories from the local area. The illustrations include pictures which won a provincial art prize. (8+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 16
Deng, Mei Zhen (reteller)
Zhang, Shi Ming (illus.)
Lao Shan Dao Shi - Wang Lion Lang - Wan Xia - Shi Chi - Yü Qian
(Monk on Lao Shan - Mr. Wang - Evening Sunlight - Stone Lover - Coins Rain)
Taibei: Xin Yi Ji Jin Chu Ban She, 1991. 21 p. each
ISBN 957-642-042-3 (collected vols.)
China - Ghost - Wisdom
Ghosts love people, they help them to get what they want and teach them what they ought to do. According to an old Chinese saying "ghosts have a better conscience than human beings." (8+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 17
Xiao, Yie (text/illus.)
Li, Gin and his family (illus.)
Xin Qing Fa Shu
(Feeling Makes a Tree)
Taibei: Huang Guan Wen Xue Chu Ban You Xian Gong Si, 1991. 24 p.
ISBN 957-33-0698-0
Taiwan - Environmental Consciousness -Nature/Civilization
Set against the background of the new Taiwan - richer, more developed, more crowded, less undisturbed nature - this story was conceived by the family of the author's brother in order to describe their living conditions and life maxims - especially the need to treasure nature and encourage human sensibilities which unite rather than divide. (12+)

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 18
Xin, Hua (reteller)
Lu, Ju De (illus.)
Jia Zi Jiou Lu
(Jia Zi Saves a Deer)
Taibei: Dong Hua Shu Jü Re Tong Bu, 1989. 16 p.
(Duen Huang Gu Shi)
China - Buddhismus - Man/Animal – Wall Painting/Duen Huang - Deer

Republic of China (Chinese) - 1994 - 19
Yie, Ying Feng (reteller)
Yu, Li (illus.)
Da Yi Tao Hai
(Da Zi Dries the Sea)
Taibei: Dong Hua Shu Jü Ke Tong Bu, 1989. 16 p.
(Duen Huang Gu Shi)
China - Buddhismus - Man/Animal – Wall Painting/Duen Huang - Dragon
There are many famous temples and wall paintings in Duen Huang, a very old and mysterious place in the northwest desert of China. These books present the background of Buddhism with classical Chinese paintings in the ancient style from that area. "Jia Zi Saves a Deer", the classic story of a boy hunting a deer contains the essential lesson of Buddhism - do not cause harm to any living thing around you. "Da Zi Dried the Sea" tells the story of a boy who dried the sea for the dragon king who hid his pearls under the water, conveying another essential lesson - keep your spirit strong. (8+)

Bulgaria (Bulgarian) - 1994 - 20
Karalijčev, Angel (text)
Stanimirov, Petăr (illus.)
Bălgarski narodni prikazki
(Bulgarian Folktales)
Sofija: Vedrina, 1993. (2 vols.) 159 p.; 151 p.
ISBN 954-404-036-6; 954-404-037-4
Fairy Tale/Bulgarian
This is a collection of fairy tales, stories and anecdotes from the Bulgarian folk tradition, adapted by the important pioneer of the Bulgarian children's literature, Angel Karalijčev (1902-1972), in a rich and lyrical language. In the Bulgarian tradition, just as for the other Balkan peoples, fairy tales with magical themes do not have the same meaning as in middle European or even Russian regions. Much more frequent are the tales of the popular life in which magical elements, if present at all, do not play a central role. Particularly important are the stories of the Clever Peter ("Chităr Petăr"), the Bulgarian Eulenspiegel. Both of these volumes are illustrated with typical Bulgarian pictures in water color and with black-and-white graphics and ornamentation. (6+)

Bulgaria (Bulgarian) - 1994 - 21
Karaslavova, Radostina (text)
Paunov, Viktor (illus.)
Trakite
(The Thracians)
Sofija: Zemja, 1993. 32 p.
(Detska iljustrovana istorija na Bălgarija)
ISBN 954-8345-06-4
Bulgaria/History <1200 B.C.- 500 A.D.> - Thracians
In Bulgaria, books about the history and pre-history of that country have always been very important. This simply-produced (stapled), but attractive and informative information book, with numerous illustrations and graphic presentations, deals primarily essentially with the culture and civilization of the Thracian inhabitants once living in the territory of modern-day Bulgaria. Since there are few written sources, but only archeological remains, a large part of the book covers the material artifacts such as coins, jewelry, tools, weapons, cult and art objects. Furthermore, the author reports on the first state founded by the Thracian tribes, the settlement of the Black Sea coastal area by the Greeks and the conquest of the Thracian areas by Philipp II and Alexander the Great, who however were not able to subjugate the Thracians completely. (10+)

Bulgaria (Bulgarian) - 1994 - 22
Pavlov, Konstantin (text)
Pavlova, Donka (illus.)
F'oni măti krăgli rečni kamăni : Tăžna prikazka
(F'oni Hatches Round River Stones: A Sad Tale)
Vraca: Budilnik, 1993. 24 p.
Fabulous Creature
This is an experimental, mythical picture book written in free verse about the bird F'oni, who sits on stones from which winged creatures are supposed to hatch and contemplates their fate. The realization that some of them will be evil, causes him to become sad, just as also the fact that the good ones will suffer a terrible fate. The symbolic, ornamental pictures underscore the mythical character of the book. (10+)

Croatia (Croatian) - 1994 - 23
Lača, Josip
Gospodar od Ključa
(The Lord of Ključ)
Zagreb: Znanje, 1990. 154 p.
ISBN 86-313-0188-4
Yugoslavia - Dalmatia/History < 1960-1969> - Holiday Adventure - Runaway
In this young adult novel, Josip Lača (*1946) takes the reader to his homeland, in the national park at the Krka waterfalls. Set in the early 1960s, a group of young boys with parental problems runaway from home in order to live in this region for a while as "Haiduks", as was quite common at that time. There they experience not only the most diverse adventures in connection with a church burglary and the filming of a Karl May film; the author also makes reference to the problems of socialist Yugoslavia and weaves in Croatian history of the Middle Ages when the boys decide to explore the fortress of Ključ. (10+)

Cyprus (Greek) - 1994 - 24
Genakriitu, Era (text)
Pulcheriu, Elena (illus.)
0 Markos mu ki ego
(My Markos and I)
Leukosia: Published by the author, 1991. 78 p.
Cyprus/Invasion <1974> - Refugee Camp - Girl - Teddy Bear
Katerma tells her Teddy Bear Marko about her life in the refugee camp where she lived before moving into a new apartment. The descriptions and opinions are given from child's point of view. Written in a clear, uncomplicated manner. (8+)
(First Prize. Cypriot Association for Children's and Youth Literature)

Cyprus (Greek) - 1994 - 25
Tapakes, Alexandros
Sten ankalia tu bunu
(In the Mountain's Castle)
Leukosia: Published by the Author, 1991. 113 p.
Tapakes, Alexandras/Autobiography - Childhood-Cyprus/Invasion <1974>
The narrator Antonis tells of his childhood in the country, about the games and pranks he played with his friend Mikes and their successful Karagiosis performances. They travel about the country, visiting the castle of the Byzantine ruler Regaina and celebrate with each other until the Turkish invasion "robs him of his childhood." The family must flee, but the grandfather chooses to stay behind. They find him later in Leukosia, injured. He dies in the refugee camp. As an adult, Antones looks back on this turbulent period and longs for reconciliation and repatriation with the land of "his childhood dreams." In a rich, often lyrical language the author describes situations, the customs and manners, and religious celebrations of his Cypriot homeland, telling stories from the past. (12+)

Cyprus (Greek) - 1994 - 26
Thoma, Chrysalla
Gia ten Pyle tes Anoixes
(Around the Gate of Spring)
Leukosia: Politistikes Yperesies Ypurgeiu Paideias, 1993. 135 p.
Good - Evil - Seasons - Battle
An eventful, breath-taking adventure story about the battle between spring and winter, between good and evil. It takes place in a dream world where the ancient Greek and Medieval times meet. The author, a recent graduate of secondary school, is one of the great hopes of the literary scene. Rich, moving language. (10+)
(Prize of the Cypriot Ministry of Culture)

Czech Republic (Czech) - 1994 - 27
Kožík, František (text)
Marešová, Milada (illus.)
Pohádky vánočního zvonku
(Tale of the Christmas Bell)
Praha: Nakl. Winston Smith, 1991. 160 p.
ISBN 80-900217-4-3
Modern Fairy Tale/Czech - Christmas
These twelve fairy tales, which fall back upon the folktale motifs, all deal directly or indirectly with Christmas. Their narrative style, their themes and above all their understanding of Christmas document once again the close affinity of Bohemia to the middle European cultural and social sphere. The book from the Prague science fiction and adventure story publishing house Winston Smith (named after the hero of Orwell's "1984", is attractively illustrated with pen-and-ink drawings, some in color. (6+)

Greece (Greek) - 1994 - 28
Grammenos, Mpampes (text)
Stavropulos, Stathes (illus.)
Megas Alexandros (Alexander der Große)
(Alexander the Great)
Athen: Ankyra, 1992. 124 p.
Alexander the Great/Childhood
This historical novel vividly describes life at the court of Philipp II, where his brilliant son, the future Alexander the Great, grows up. His stormy youth, his lively and restless spirit astound everyone surrounding him, especially his teacher Aristotles and his own father. The high point of the novel is his taming of the wild Macedonian horse Bukephaios. which became his constant friend and companion. The man for whom "Macedonia was too small" - according to Philipp II - is portrayed so fascinatingly that the reader cannot help but be enthused by his unique, ingenious personality, A prize-winning book.

Greece (Greek) - 1994 - 29
Epameinondas, Spyros (text)
Keperte, Dora (illus.)
Gyreuume ..ton elio
(We're Looking for ... the Sun)
Athen: Aster, 1991. 211 p.
Cyprus/Occupation <1974> -Refugee Camp - Survival
This story is set in Cyprus, Expelled during the Turkish Invasion of 1974, the refugees are given shelter in Tents. Eight children join together and try to overcome the terrible days. The author reports their daily activities and the joint adventures. When one of them, Alkistis, emigrates to Melbourne and soon forgets them, they know that an era has come to an end. They move into an apartment, but their hearts are still filled with longing for the abandoned home. Are concrete highrises a substitute? Wasn't it much nicer before? But life goes on. This is a novel of reconciliation which looks back with nostalgia and builds on the future.
(Cyprus Association for Children's and Youth Literature Prize)

Greece (Greek) - 1994 - 30
Kliapha, Marula . (text)
Kolybas, Elias (illus.)
Dyskoloi kairoi gia miknis prinkipes
(Hard Times for Little Princes)
Athen: Kastaniotes, 1992. 254 p.
Guest Worker/Children - Squalor - Theft - Death
Four young journalists learn that the teenager Odysseas, who was being sought by the police for theft, has been run over by a subway train. Suspecting suicide, they begin to investigate. Odysseas comes from a working-class family. The father abandons mother and children and moves in with his girlfriend. The mother led her own life. Odysseas, a dreamy, diligent pupil, is sent to his grandmother in Greece, where he lives unsupervised and in squalor. Hitchhiking to Athens, he disappears in the underworld. Although he wants to go home, he lets himself be talked into more burglaries. While fleeing from the police, he is run over by the subway. Kliapha's mature novel is an unreelenting criticism of the generation of fathers and their greed for money. He realistically portrays the world of young adults who, too soon self-sufficient, neglected and isolated, get on the wrong track. This book addresses both young adults and adults. (14+)

Greece (Greek) - 1994 - 31
Psaraute, Litsa
To augo tes echidnas
(The Serpent's Egg)
Athen: Patakes, 1991. 102 p.
(Synchrone Logotechnia gia neus - Sylloge Peristeria)
AIDS - Crisis - Death
The 18-year-old narrator, Stephanos, has AIDS, This novel shows how he deals with his situation. He tries to hide his deep depressions from parents, friends, and Olga, whom he loves, but it is ultimately not possible. In silence of his mind, he blames the adults for not warning him. In minute analysis, the author explores the abysses of the soul. Aside from its literary qualities, this book is a warning aimed at both young adults and adults. (13+)

Greece (Greek) - 1994 - 32
Sinu, Kira (text)
Metralia, Sonia (illus.)
Kato apo ton elio te Makedonias
(Under the Macedonian Sun)
Athen: Kedros, 1992. 176 p.
(Katophli ston kosmo)
Alexander <King of Macedonia, I) - Greece/Persia/History 600-500 B.C.
An historical novel set in the 6th century B.C. King Amyntas receives the Persians and pays them tribute. When they assault the Macedonian women during a banquet, the young crown prince Alexander takes revenge - men in disguise turn the banquet into a bloodbath. As king. he dedicates himself to the ideals of Greece and fights against the Persians, As an old man in the now free Macedonia, he realizes that the new era of prosperity led to a loss of old friends. The author is considered a master storyteller and has won many prizes. (12+)

Greece (Greek) - 1994 - 33
Sphakianake-Xenake, Sophia
E Puludenia kai alle diegemata
(Puludenia and Other Stories)
Athen: Omhros, 1993. 55 p.
Wealth - Poverty - Outsider - Short Stories
The five stories in this book show children and teenagers in crisis situations. Regardless of whether it is Puludenia, who works as a house servant in a rich household, although she would have preferred to go to school, or an older sister who works after school, in order to feed the younger children, it is always a case of two social classes. The weaker ones, the disadvantaged children, who have been robbed of their childhood, get the short end of the deal. The author, recipient of numerous prizes, develops a panorama of a short-sighted society full of contradictions, which senselessly imposes suffering on all. (12+)
(Honor prize of the Literary Pan-Hellenic Competition)

Greece (Greek) - 1994 - 34
Surele, Galateia
O megalos apochairetismos
(The Great Farewell)
Athen: Psychogios, 1990. 152 p.
World War I – Asia Minor - Escape
An historical novel about the bloody dispute between the Greeks and the Turks in Asia Minor. It ended with the eviction of the Greeks from Smyrna (today Izmir). Suspenseful episodes, lively dialogs, friendship and reconciliation between the enemies (12+)
(Greek Youth Book Prize)

Hungary (Hungarian) - 1994 - 35
Enrodi, Béla (text/illus.)
Krampusz-Könyv
(The Krampus Book)
Budapest: Zrinyi Nyomda, 1990. 42 p.
ISBN 963-02-7954-1
Parents - Upbringing - Krampus - St. Nicholas - Devil
The Krampus parents live a bourgeois life in hell and give their three children the best possible upbringing. The high point of their education is a stay abroad, when the children take a trip with their teacher to Earth. There among humans everything is much different than down in hell and thus the devil children experience a series of misadventures: fire, hunger, punishment, noisy human children. They want nothing more than to return to their parents, in hell. But then they run into Nicholas. He has been looking for them for a long time. He remakes the Krampus children into little Krampusses and ever since then good little boys and girls have gotten nuts and apples from Nicholas, but bad children find only a Krampus in their boot. The simple, clear rhymes, witty and ironical, make this book as pleasurable to read today as it was when it first appeared in 1923. Black-and-red illustrations in Art Nouveau style underline the text's intentions. (5+)

Hungary (Hungarian) - 1994 - 36
Vásárhelyi, Tamás (text)
Folyók, tavak élövilága
(Living Animals in Rivers and Seas)
Budapest: Officina Nova Verl., 1992. 24 p.
ISBN 963-783S-89-X
Water animals - Hungary
This is one title in a series titled "Looking at our Environment", which reports on the animal world in Hungary. Not only the large and well-known animals are described, but also the smallest forms of life which children can encounter or observe. In the preface there are exact guidelines for careful observation of small, highly sensitive little animals. The picture book spreads can also be unfolded into longer panoramas, in which the animals romp around in their natural surroundings. On the reverse side, they are then described in simple, easily understood language. Environmental protection and preservation of species are an urgent concern voiced in all the books of this series. The realistic illustrations enable "young scientists" to make precise observations. (4+)

Lithuania (Lithuanian) - 1994 - 37
Valančius, Motiejus (text)
Mikė melagėlis
(Mike, the Liar)
Vilnius: Vyturys, 1991. [32] p.
ISBN 5-7900-0586-1
Lithuania/Stories - Pranks
The stories about boy's pranks were written by the Catholic clergy man (Bishop of Samogitia), a folk literature collector and one of the first Lithuanian fiction writers and educators. They appeared first in 1864 in a book titled "Vajkų knygelė " (The Children's Book). Contains realistic gouache illustrations . (7+)

Mordoviya (Russian) - 1994 - 38
Jurčenkov, Valerij A. (text)
Chronograf, ili povestvovanie o mordovskom narode i ego istorii
(A Chronology or Narrative of the Mordvian People and Their History)
Saransk: Mordovskoe knižnoe izdatel’stvo, 1991. 367 p.
ISBN 5- 7595-0489-4
Mordviiya/history <100 A.D.- 1900 A.D.>
This volume contains popular science contributions and historical stories about real and fictitious persons from the most important epochs of Mordoviya's history from its origins in the first centuries after the birth of Christ up to the 10th century. Since both Mordvinian languages became standardized only during in the Soviet era, the author of this comprehensive collection draws on myths, orally preserved tales, material traditions, archeological research and the written records of other peoples. (13+)

Mordoviya (Russian) - 1994 - 39
Radaev, Vasilij (text)
Vtulkin, Michail (transl. from Mordvinian into Russian)
Kak kuznec soseda podkoval : Legend y, predanija i bylički
(How the Smith Shod His Neighbor: Legends, Traditions and Fables)
Saransk: Mordovskoe knižnoe izdatel’stvo, 1988. 157 p. With illustrations
ISBN 5-7595-0093-7
Legend/Mordvinian/Anthology
Instead of magic fairy tales which are not specific to any nation or ethnic group, this volumes contains typical Mordvinian legends and sagas. This folk literature, closely linked with the Mordvinian traditions, customs, tion of Mordoviya, where Europe and Asia, Christianity, Shamanism and Islam (the religion of their Turkic neighbors) meet. Included are myths of creation, legends of gods and spirits, folk etymogical sagas, sagas of Mordovian's popular heros - such as King Tushtyan, a contemporary of Ivan the Terrible - legends of men of superhuman strength, and tales of faults and foibles such as miserliness, envy, greed, and arrogance. (10+)

Mordoviya - 1994 - 40
Samorodov, Kirill T. (ed.)
Popov, L.V.
Smirnov, Ju.V.
Skazki o životnych
(Animal Tales)
Saransk: Mordovskoe knižnoe izdatel’stvo, 1992. 37 p.
(Mordovskie narodnye skazki)
ISBN 5-7595-0878-4
Animal Tales/Mordoviya

Mordoviya - 1994 - 41
Samorodov, Krill T. (ed.)
Popov, L.V.
Smirnov, Ju.V. (illus.)
Volsebnye skazki
(Tales of Magic)
Saransk: Mordovskoe knižnoe izdatel’stvo, 1992. 37 p.
(Mordovskie narodnye skazki)
ISBN 5-7595-0879-2
Fairy Tales/Mordoviya
Short Mordovinian animal tales resemble to a considerable extent the Russian, but also the Aesop animal fables. The Mordovinian tales of magic collected in the other volume also reveal parallels with the Russian and European tales, often however Mordovian gods. spirits and other mythical figures appear. Although both publications are quite simply produced (stapled) and the illustrations of varying quality, the good lay-out of the books should be emphasized. (6+)

Poland (Polish) - 1994 - 42
Ossendowski, Ferdynand (text)
Wloszczyński, Andrzej Ludwik (illus.)
Mali zwycięczy: Przygodi dzieci w pustyni Szamo
(The Little Victors: An Adventure of Children in the Gobi Desert)
Warszawa: Ludowa Spoldzielnia Wydawnicza, 1991. 144 p.
ISBN 83-205-4375-4
Gobe <Desert> - China <1916-1926> - Robinsonade
First published in 1930 (reprinted in 1938) and set in China during the civil war period of 1916-1926, this novel for children by the Polish scientist (born in Byelorussia), political activist, world traveller and writer Ferdynand Ossendowski (1878-1945) is a classical Robinsonade. Suspenseful, though without a deeper psychological portrayal of the main characters, Ossendowski the seven-month long odyssey of Henryk (15) und Rornek (13) and Irenka (II), children of a Pole living in Tientsin, whose airplane has to make an emergency landing in the Gobi Desert. With primitive means and equipment from the airplane, the children manage to build a shelter and find food. Of course, they, too, have a "Friday" - an injured Mongolian named Čultun, whom they rescue. Čultun succeeds in capturing and taming several wild horses, which then carry them all on a week-long journey to his "aul", where the children are then reunited with their father. This historical young adult novel with his portrayal of Inner Mongolia and encounters with harmless and dangerous animals is still worth reading today. (10+)

Poland (Polish) - 1994 - 43
Wawilow, Danuta
Czerniawski, Jerzy (illus.)
Usenko, Oleg (ed.)
Był sobie król...
(Once there was a King...)
Warszawa: Ludowa Spoldzielnia Wydawnicza, 1991. 269 p.
ISBN 83-205-4074-7 (paper); 83-205-4383-5 (hardbound)
Rhymed Fairy Tales/Poland/Anthology
This anthology contains Polish tales in verse from the fairy tales off the great Polish romanticist Juliusz Slowacki (1809-1849) and the first major Polish children's book author Maria Konopnicka (1842-1910) through to the "Adventure of a Billy-Goat" by Komel Makuszyński and tales of the author of children's literature classics Julian Tuwim (1894-1953), Jan Brzechwa (1900-1966) and Czeslaw Janczarski (1911-1971) up to the contemporary authors such as Danuta Wawilow and Oleg Usenko, the editors of this volume. The volume contains both very popular tales as well as less well-known, romantic and witty tales, some in literary language and others in a pert colloquial tone. The book is illustrated in the style of the Lithuanian-Polish artist Stasys Eidrigevičius, but without his surrealistic manner. (8+)

Romania (Romanian) - 1994 - 44
Batzaria N. pseud of Moş Nae
Pascal (illus.)
Mica Robinson: aventurile extraordinare ale unei fetiţe
(Little Robinson: the Extraordinary Adventures of a Young Girl)
Sibiu: Trans-pres, 1992. 143 p.
ISBN 973-9009-12-3
Romania/History <1920-1929> - Argentina/History <1920-1929> - Emigration - Girl - Eltern - Robinsonade
After the death of her mother, Mariana emigrates from Transylvania to Argentina with her father, a Romanian professor. On the estate of her uncle she learns the secrets of Nature and agriculture, as well as the Spanish language and the life-style of the natives. She is a pretty, diligent child who is loved by everyone. Although they get along very well in Argentina, father, uncle and Mariana are plagued with homesickness. When the political situation in Romania improves (around 1920), they decide to return home. During the trip their ship runs into a storm. Mariana's life-boat capsizes and when she awakes, saved by her dog, she is alone on an island. Here she manages quite well. having learned everything she needs to know on the farm in Argentina. After many years she is unexpectedly found, rescued and returned safe and sound to her family and friends. This Robinsonade with a female protagonist is written in a clear, competent and easily understandable language. A negative aspect is the passages of extreme Romanian nationalism, which could be omitted in a translation. (10+)

Romania (Romanian) - 1994 - 45
Şerb, Ioan (ed.)
Munteanu, Val (illus.)
Legende populare româneşti
(Romanian Folktales)
Bucureşti: Ed. Minerva, 1991. 140 p.
ISBN 973-21-0085-0
Flower - Bird - Romania - Legend/Anthology
This volume contains legends and fairy tales which have taken a flower or a bird as main protagonist, telling about the origin or exceptional characteristic of each. Usually it is people who are transformed into another state through happy or adverse circumstances. They are enchanted, conquered by enemies or dragons, punished by higher powers, rewarded. And so it is in these folktales that a world of souls is created in which each creature has its own story and is worthy of love and protection. (7+)

Romania (Romanian) - 1994 - 46
Şovu, George
Extemporal la dirigenţie
(Pupils and Teachers)
Bucureşti: Ed. Jacobi, 1992. 159 p.
ISBN 973-95260-7-1
Puberty - First Love - Teacher - Pupil
On the first day of school in a Bucharest school, people of various fates and experiences encounter each other. The homeroom teacher - clever and wise; his daughter - pretty, young, in love; the new teacher - with her special eyes; the good and the bad young man in love; and other new and old school classes and teachers with all their individuality. These people exert influence on one another and take course toward a happy end. The superficial plot is sprinkled with everyday psychological and philosophical wisdom. In spite of its weaknesses, the novel can be recommended for the extensive picture it gives of today's Romanian society. (14+)

Romania (Romanian) - 1994 - 47
Urechia, Nestor
Zînele din Valea Cerbului
(The Fairies in Deer Valley)
Bucureşti: Abeona, 1992. 191 p.
ISBN 973-48-0092-2
Carpathians - Fairy <Motif> - Legend
In a romantic valley of the Carpathians the fairies gather who, angry at the invasion of people into their kingdom, want to launch a punitive attack. After long discussion, they decide not to punish the people, but instead to protect them from now on. In the daytime they will help the insurregents, at nighttime they will meet with each other to report on their good deeds. But since fairies do not need to sleep, their nights are much too boring. Waiting for dawn, they tell each other the story of mankind. For seven days the fairies meet. On the last night, however, they themselves become part of their own legend and disappear forever, as insects, from this enchanting valley. The language of the book is clear, and easily understandable, though quite flowery in the style of Romanian folktales. Very popular in Romania and reprinted 16 times, but not yet discovered by translators. (5+)

Russia (Russian) - 1994 - 48
Judin, Georgij (text/illus.)
Bukvarënok : Azbuka v rasskazach, skazkach i kartinkach
(ABC Book: The ABC in Stories, Tales and Pictures)
Moskva: Rosmėn, 1992. 197 p.
ISBN 5-85321-002-5
ABC/Russian
The author and illustrator Georgij Judin has created here an especially successful ABC for pre-school children. The phonetic letters are presented as animal sounds or emotional expressions. The shapes of the letters are skillfully designed and impressively presented, often in several variations. In funny stories in which the respective letter frequently appears, the characteristic use of the letters is given. (5+)

Special Mention - Russia (Russian) - 1994 - 49
Jakovlev, Lev (ed.)
Kukareku: skazki i komiksy …dija detej i vzroslych
(Cock-a-doodle-doo : Tales and comics ... for children and adults)
Moskva: Slovo, 1990. 210 p. With illustrations
ISBN 5-85050-268-8
Anthology/Russian
While the individual production of Russian children's literature brings forth new and interesting works only sparingly and gradually, this first volume of an anthology from a British-Russian publishing joint venture is a true firework. Witty, naughty verses alternate with gentle fairy tales, interesting non-fiction contributions (many dealing with art topics) and funny animal tales, and so on and so forth. Young authors are included along with great names in (children's) literature, such as Marina Cvetaeva, Daniil Charms, Evgenij Švarc and ėduard Uspenskij, to name just a few. The graphic design and the illustrations are also very impressive. The contributions by numerous renown artists are skillfully arranged in a harmonious unity. (8+)

Russia (Russian) - 1994 - 50
Laneckaja, Elena (text)
Borisov, Anatolij (illus.)
Noč ' polnolunija
(A Full Moon Night)
Moskva: M & M u.a., 1992. 108 p.
ISBN 5-85729-001-5
Russian/Fantasy
In an underground world there lives a soft and hairy green creature, the Skučun, who knows of the existence of a city named Moscow in the overground world from the reports of his ancestors. One day he sets off to see this world himself and encounters Ksenija, waiting for her mother on a night of the full-moon alone in the garden. Together they take a nocturnal journey - through space and time. In the morning it is all over. This interestingly written fantasy is richly illustrated in the still of the Leningrad PictureBook School (Brothers Traugot). (6+)

Special Mention - Russia (Russian) - 1994 - 51
Pogorel’skij, Antonij (text)
Dechterëv, Boris A. (illus.)
Volšebnye povesti
(Tales of magic)
Moskva: Detskaja literatura, 1992. 125 p.
Modern Fairy Tale/Russian
This volume contains the two romantic tales Of Antonij Pogorel'skij (pseud. Of Alexei A. Perovskij; 1787-1836), a bastard sons of the Duke A.K. Razlimovskij: "The Poppy Seed Cake Woman of Lafertovo" and "The Black Hen or The Inhabitants of the Underworld." In both tales, the portrayal of the real world and psychological studies of the characters goes hand in hand with supernatural phenomena and the description of a fairy tale world. In the first tale, set in Moscow in the 17th century, a witch has a disastrous influence on human fates, which can only be corrected after her death. The second tale takes place in a boarding school in St. Petersburg in the 18th century and deals with a boy, an outsider, who is conducted into the underworld by a black hen, who "in reality", is the mininster of an underground dwarf king. The subterrestials possess mysterious powers and can help the boy in many situations. Both tales are clearly influenced by the works of E.T.A. Hoffmann. This book is striking for its excellent design and the outstanding historicizing illustrations by Dechterëv. (10+)

Russia (Russian) - 1994 - 52
Kondakova, Ol'ga (illus.)
Emery, Chatherine (transl.)
Pomme mûre et plat d'argent: Contes russes (Russian Orig. Title: Sereb rjannoe bljudečko i nalivnoe jabloč ko)
(The Red Apple on the Silver Plate: Russian Fairy Tales)
Moscou: Radouga, 1990. 77 p.
ISBN 5-05-003210-5
Fairy Tale/Russian
This book, attractively designed and richly illustrated in the Russian Folk Art style, includes, among others things, four typically Russian magical tales which are not contained in these versions in Aleksandr N. Afanas'ev's fairy tale compendium: "The Red Apple on the Silver Plate" and "Father Frost, " - two Cinderella tales, each with a different ending - as well as "The Wooden Eagle" and "The Three Kingdoms." (5+)

Russia (Russian) - 1994 - 53
ProkoFeva, Sofja L. (text)
Kalinovskij, Gennadij (illus.)
Cook-Horujy, Kathleen (Engl. transl.)
Loskutik i oblako
(Raggity and the cloud)
Moscow: Raduga, 1990. 157 p.
ISBN 5-05-002484-6
Modern Fair Tale/Russian - Tyranny - Water
This suspenseful tale by the popular Russian children's book author Sofja Prokofeva deals with the battle against tyranny and oppression and is a call for more civil courage. The rag-girl lives in a country in which the king wants to have the only water spring for himself, walling it off, while his subjects die of thirst. An approaching rain cloud promises deliverance, but the king sends out his henchmen to find and destroy it. The rag-girl befriends the cloud and persuades other people to help it and, with its ability to change shapes, it manges to escape again and again, fooling the king. The final rescue comes in the shape of the little cloud's grandmother, the thundercloud whose lightning bolts destroy the evil king. Well-illustrated by the renown Russian artist and 1977 BIB award winner Gennadij Kalinovskij. (7+)

Slovenia (Slovenian) - 1994 - 54
Dekleva, Milan (text)
Sottler, Alenka (illus.)
Bučka na Broadwayu
(Bučka on Broadway)
Ljubljana: DZS, 1993. 62 p.
ISBN 86-341-1057-5
USA/Satire - Stereotype
In this satirical, highly unusual fantasy tale a brother and sister from Slovenia, Bučka and BoŠko Cankar, travel to the USA, landing in a world filled with detective and Western stereotypes. They are followed by Stan Laurel and Oliver Hardy in a terribly long Buick, discover a starlet bound and gagged in a bathtub, who wants to give them an autogramm immediately after being set free, meet Indians and Supergirl. In an entertaining tone in a language loaded with slang, readers between nine and 99 are presented with the fully satirical mirror image of a world which, in the television world of today, is usually accepted without much criticism. (10+)

Slovenia (Slovenian) - 1994 - 55
Makarovič, Svetlana (text)
Reščič, Lucijan (illus.)
Kaj lepega povej
(Say Something Nice)
Ljubljana: DZS, 1993. 65 p.
ISBN 86-341-1229-2
Lyric/Slovenish
The actress, poet and children's book author Svetlana Makarovič (*1939), who has become popular in particular through her fairy tales for younger children over the past twenty years, has produced here a master piece of poetry for young people. Illustrated with ornamental graphics, this volume contains cheerful and witty verses about love affairs, poems of congratulations, romantic love poems. New Year poems and farewell poems. (10+)

Turkey (Turkish) - 1994 - 56
Alpöge, Gülçin (text)
Erkmen, Nazan (illus.)
Keloglan
(Keloglan)
Istanbul: Ya-pa yayinlari, n.d.. 16 p.
(Egitsel ykler dizisi, 30)
Turkey - Fairy Tale
A retelling of a Turkish folktale for the young reader. Keloglan, a poor boy who must work hard, manages to marry the king's daughter. The tale is accompanied by excellent illustrations. (7+)

Turkey (Turkish) - 1994 - 57
Alpöge, Gülçin (text)
Erkmen, Nazan (illus.)
Mehmet'in evi
(Mehmet's Home)
Istanbul: Ya-pa yayinlari, n.d.. 16 p.
City - Countryside – Conflict
It is winter. Mehmet's family lives a simple life in the country. The young boy is happy in the midst of his relatives and with his dog. One day he travels with his dog to the city. The loud traffic, the oppressive anonymity, the concrete houses make him unhappy. He returns home, where he can be in familiar surroundings and the open countryside, free and untroubled. This book is a plea for the country life where a person can live carefree in harmony with nature. (7+)

Special Mention - Australia (English) - 1994 - 58
Moloney, James
Dougy
Si. Lucia: University of Queensland Press, 1993. 151 p.
ISBN 0-7022-2499-5
Aborigines - Racial Conflict - Sport
The narrator, Dougy, the youngest, seemingly simple-minded child of an Aborigine family living in a small village, relates the events of one summer in which his sister, Gracey, with whom he is very close, plays a leading role. After she wins the 100m race in the state championships and subsequently a scholarship to boarding school, the white residents of the village become openly resentful. Racial tensions surface when a white girl who had been expelled from the same school is found unconscious near the river. An armed "civil war" breaks out and one person is even killed. It is ended only by a flash flood, in which Dougy helps save his brother and sister from a mysterious shadow, perhaps the Moodagudda, the river spirit in which he (but not everyone) still believes. The intricate plot has several levels which are well-developed: the Aborigine family structure, the loss of and frequent indifference to their own Aborigine cultural heritage, sibling relationships, the status structure in the racially and socially mixed village community (microcosmos), and the chances and choices which different individuals use or misuse. The role of intolerance and prejudice as motivating factors in a community is also explicitly explored. Finally, the position of Dougy in all these events is perhaps symbolic of the average, passive observer and eventual participant in a socially changing situation. (14+)

Australia (English) - 1994 - 59
Klein, Robin
Seeing Things
Ringwood: Puffin/Penguin, 1993. 188 p.
ISBN 0-670-84869-7
Extrasensory Perception - Deception - Death/Parent - Family Problems - Self-identity
After the death of her parents in a car accident, Miranda and her young brother Jimmy go to live with their grandmother. But Miranda is wrapped up in a world of her own making, and has trouble getting along at her new school or making friends with fellow classmates. One evening she begins to describe to her uncle strange background details and images which make him believe she has extrasensory perception. This leads her to be the center of attention for a local group of esoterically interested adults as well as for her older sister's unsavory, smooth- talking boyfriend, who has great need of her special visionary talents. This is a suspenseful tale with a surprising ending. Very subtly Klein also shows the strain, often unnoticed or ignored, which a young person experiences after the death of loved ones. The characterizations of a range of minor characters is well-drawn, just as we expect from this masterful writer. (10+)

Canada (English) - 1994 - 60
Bruchac, Joseph (text)
Morin, Paul (illus.)
Fox Song
Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 0-19-541000-9
Indians/Canada - Nature - Death - Fox - Grandmother
Although it is time to get up, Jamie lies in her bed and remembers Grama Bowman and the times they spent together. She remembers walking up Fox Hill, learning how to peel birch bark to make baskets, how to hunt for the winter tracks of a fox. She remembers how her Grama told her stories and taught her welcome song of her Abenaki people. Then she goes to Grama's favorite place on Fox Hill, sings that song and is visited briefly by the red fox, Grama's best friend, and Jamie finally understands that she would never be alone. The author draws on his Native American background and personal family experiences to describe in this story the importance of spiritual balance. The narrative is given an appropriate accent by the full-paged paintings by the award-winning illustrator whose naturalistic technique captures grandmother and child experiencing nature together. (5+)

Canada (English) - 1994 - 61
Gilman, Phoebe (text/illus.)
Something for Nothing. Adapted from a Jewish Folktale.
Richmond Hill: North Winds Press/Scholastic Canada, 1992. [32] p.
ISBN 0-590- 73802-X
Folktale - Blanket - Tailor - Growing Up - Storytelling
Joseph's mother keeps telling him to throw his blanket away - the special one his grand- father made him at birth from blue star- strewn fabric - because it is frazzled, worn and unsightly. But Joseph is confident that Grandpa can fix it, and indeed he does many times over. He makes Joseph a jacket, then a vest, a sabbath tie, a handkerchief, and finally a button. But when the button is lost. even is Grandfather does not know what more to do. Then Joseph himself decides there is just enough to make something after all. This delightfully told story of old-world shtetl life and a grain of wisdom is complemented by a subplot that can only be seen in the illustrations: At the time of Joseph's birth, a mouse couple takes up quarters under the floorboards of the house and gradually furnish their growing household and mouse-children with the scrap remnants of Joseph's blanket, while their daily activities parallel those in the human world. The two picture narratives, painted in egg tempera in warm, natural colors, extend the simple text perfectly.
(Ruth Schwartz Award 1993)

Special Mention - Canada (English) - 1994 - 62
Yashinsky, Dan (text)
Pitt, Nancy Cairine (illus.)
The Storyteller at Fault
Charlonetown: Ragweed Press, 1992. 63 p.
ISBN 0-921556-29-2
Storytelling - Folk literature (Adaptation)
A mighty ruler who loves stories so much that he would condemn the forgetful storyteller to death after saving the 1000 tales he has told (in the files of a memory machine), A young child who hates the fairy tales his father tells because they always end happily- ever-after - and are thus not true, since death after all is life's real end. A tale which cannot be separated from its teller. In addition to his retelling of ten tales from the oral traditions of Japan, Uganda, Portugal, Great Britain, Scandinavia,orway, Israel, France and ancient Persia in such a way as to make a rich narrative tapestry, the author-father frames his bed-time storytelling ritual with philosophical reflections which remind the adult readers of the magic and significance involved in passing along stories to the next generation in a most compelling manner - by the power of the stories themselves.

Canada (English) - 1994 - 63
Thornhill, Jan (reteller/illus.)
Crow and Fox and Other Animal Legends
Toronto: OWL/Greey de Pencier Books, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 1-895688-11-6
Folktales - Fables
These nine animal folktales, which the author carefully chose as a way of taking an amazing journey over each continent and subcontinent of the world, are linked at one level like a chain by the reappearance of an animal protagonist in each following tale. Thus the author retells in two pages the Indian story of the elephant and the hare, followed by the West African story of the hare and tortoise, and so on, through to the South American story of the mouse and tapir. And at another level the similar tone and hue of the brilliant colors in the full- page illustrations by Thornhill link together landscapes which are nonetheless quite diverse.

Great Britain (English) - 1994 - 64
Cole, Babette (text/illus.)
Mummy Laid an Egg!
London: Jonathan Cape, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 0-244-03645-9
Sex education - Misinformation
Satire at the expense of parents - even in a hip, alternative household - is a perfect literary vehicle to convey the basic elements of where babies come from after all the old myths are presented and tossed out - by the would-be audience! Cole's slapstick watercolor illustrations first show how birth would take place if the myths were true, and then lets two children give their embarassed parents anatomy lessons and fairly explicit suggestions "for ways mummies and daddies fit together", letting "everyone else" - the reader and the whole barnyard of animal families - know that its all a perfectly natural phenomenon which need not be disguised. An imaginative and charmingly designed guide to the facts of life with enough humor to help parents get through their duty when the time is right. (5-8)

Great Britain (English) - 1994 - 65
Cooper, Helen (text/illus.)
The Bear Under the Stairs
London: Doubleday/Transworld, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 0-385-402104
(Also New York: Dial Books/Penguin, 1993; ISBN 0-8037-1279-0)
Bear - Fear - Nighttime
William is scared of grizzly bears and - since he is sure a bear lives there - of the place under the stairs. Worried that the bear might get hungry enough to eat a little boy, he begins to feed the bear - until his mother begins to notice a peculiar "pongy" smell. Forced to confess his fear, William and his mother confront the bear under the stairs together. The way the illustrations not only complete the text but also undermine its meaning is funny, surprising, but also - perhaps - disturbing. For there, of course, the bear is quite independent of William's fearful fantasy. The craftful array of watercolor pictures brilliantly depicting an episode of childhood which everyone will identify with. (4-7)

Great Britain (English) - 1994 - 66
Foreman, Michael (text/illus.)
Grandfather's Pencil and the Room of Stories
London: Andersen Press, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 0-86264-457-7
Storytelling - Wood - Paper - Grandfather
On a full-moon night long ago in a young boy's room, as a pencil begins to write down his memories, the paper, the wooden pencil, the table, the floorboards, the door and the window join in with the memory of their origins in the forest and the long journeys leading them to that house, until the house where Jack now lives strikes a chord. Returning home. Jack rescues the pencil from between the floorboards, and at night it continues to write down its memories. In masterful watercolor illustrations which complement the narrative with additional signs of time's passage. Foreman captures the stages of this many-facetted, multi-level story of stories. (5-9)

Great Britain (English) - 1994 - 67
Hoffman, Mary (text)
Winter, Susan (illus.)
Henry's Baby
London: Dorling Kindersley, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 0-7513-7004-5
Belonging - Clique - Baby - Sibling
Henry desparately wants to belong to a particular gang of boys at his new school, but doesn't believe he can meet their standards (or the image Henry attributes to them) because there seems to be nothing special about him. To his surprise, he discovers that his little baby brother is something special for all the other boys. The realistically drawn watercolor portraits of the main characters on white pages perfectly capture young school boys in their favorite poses and past-times, while the simple theme might spark some reflection on what it means to belong. (7-9)

Great Britain (English) - 1994 - 68
Hughes, David (text/illus.)
Bully
London: Walker, 1993. [28] p.
ISBN 0-7445-2169-6
Bullying - Play - Aggression
The idea for this picture book story may have come after observing children at free play in kindergarten for about half-an-hour! One minute they are playing so well together, and suddenly new constellations of sub-groups form invisibly, without reason. The eight animal and human characters in this skillfully drawn caricature about members of a group joining together to pick on another member. Hughes cleverly employs color, shapes, as well as various typography, boxes and comic-like action lines to suggest the tension and heated emotions which build up and explode before being finally allayed again. He also shows how this group tries and succeeds in stopping the bullying - all by themselves. A visually fascinating book which makes a young reader curious to understand the message. (5-8)

Special Mention - Great Britain (English) - 1994 - 69
Merrick, Ann
Someone Came Knocking
Barnstaple: Spindlewood, 1993. 148 p.
ISBN 0-907349-32-3
Quest - Family - Child Abuse - Nursery Rhyme <Motif>
Tod is an emotionally and physically abused child, who is rejected by his alcoholic, junk-shop owner father after the mother's death, and copes with life by creating his own reality and employing careful strategies of escape and avoidance. The reader soon understands the stone which Tod feels "in his chest where his heart ought to be." Children's rhymes often run through his mind, stirring up vague memories of long-ago; they comfort him at bedtime and influence his actions during the day, too. For Guy Fawkes Day, Tod sews an odd-looking ragdoll with which to beg for pennies, but soon notices that the face he gave it was not of a guy, but a girl. This doll becomes his alter ego, singing and murmuring in his ear. The turning point in his months-long journey is the encounter with a children's social worker in a holiday home, who gains his trust and becomes mental anchor, This is a heart-breaking novel of a boy's survival in a cruel, anonymous world. It is a well-crafted story, whose initial feeling of hopelessness is gradually replaced by a strong sense of resiliency, making it a satisfying experience for readers who appreciate emotional involvement. (12+)

Great Britain (English) - 1994 - 70
Moon, Pat
Double Image
London: Orchard, 1993. 168 p.
ISBN 1-85213-541-7
Secret - Death - Family - Grandparent - Detective Story
A family tragedy whose memory is blanked out and taboo for the parents and surviving daughter surfaces again when the grandson, David, accidentally finds a photo of an unknown look-alike. In trying to interpret mysterious clues with his newly found friend, David finds the key which releases long-buried emotions for his grandfather and mother and helps him to establish stronger, maturer relationships with his whole family. And he himself matures both socially and emotionally through this experience. The story's mystery plot is well-constructed with well-drawn characters and a background of events and places which give it a realistic everyday setting, (11+)

India (English) - 1994 - 71
Srivastav, Sigrun (text)
Guha, Tapas (illus.)
A Moment of Truth. True Stories from Around the World
Delhi: Ratna Sagar, 1991. 78 p.
ISBN 81-7070-113-0
Everyday Life/Child - Short Stories/interna- tional
In these fifteen short stories set in many different countries of the world, a protagonist has an encounter that changes his life or reveals to him or her a profound truth about life and human goodness. These are positive, inspiring stories which have a refreshing and uplifting effect on the reader. Richly detailed, multi-toned black-and-white sketches accompany the texts. (10-15)

Ireland (English) - 1994 - 72
Conlon-McKenna, Maritta (text)
Coady, Christopher (illus.)
Little Star
Dublin: The O'Brien Press, 1993. [26] p.
ISBN 9-86278333-X
Night - Star - Dream
Young James finds a shiny star lying on the ground in his backyard one evening and enjoys its company, its shining brightness, over the next three days in his room. Then he realizes it is not a star for indoors and throws it back up into the sky. The double-spread, borderless illustrations are very striking for their use of color and the effortless suggestion of light sparkling with brush strokes. A prize-winning author of youth novels, this is Conlon-McKenna's picture book. (3-6)

Ireland (English) - 1994 - 73
Llewyllan, Morgan.
Star Dancer
Dublin: O'Brien Press, 1993. 159 p.
(Horseshoe Series 1)
ISBN 0-862 78-331-3 (pb)
Horse Show - Dressage - Ambition - Pover ty
Ger Casey is the acknowledged leader of a loose gang of young ruffians in a poor district of Dublin. Running away from the scene of a prank one day, he slips into the fairgrounds where a horse show is taking place and has a chance encounter with a young girl his own age but of middle class background. Most importantly he is impressed by her horse's ability to dance, as the steps per formed in dressage seem to be. Captivated by this new experience he stays around the stables and, with Suzanne's help, gets the chance to become a stable boy. This is the beginning of a double life for him, taking him out of a dead-end situation at home and school and giving him hope and goals, as well as divided loyalties, which are resolved only after several turbulent episodes and some soul-searching. In this novel the world of horses is treated in detail, but equally important is the depletion of social inequality and its consequences for the young. The writer manages to do both subjects justice, giving the reader pleasure and food for thought. The sequel to "Star Dancer" is breathlessly awaited. (11-15)

New Zealand (English) - 1994 - 74
Butler, Dorothy (text)
Klepatski, Gabriela (illus.)
Where's Isabella?
Auckland: Random House New Zealand, 1992. [24] p.
ISBN 1-86941 170 6
Sibling - Lost - Family
As a second child, Isabella has a strong mind of her own and seems to know how to get her way. at the expense of her parents and brother, who are always losing her on excursions to the zoo, the farm ... The momentary solution turns out to be a compromise of sorts. The family's misadventures are portrayed in enchanting pen-and-ink colored illustrations, four frames on one page. The simple storyline ring familiar to many families and young listeners, especially those with tempestuous younger siblings.

New Zealand (English) - 1994 - 75
Dodd, Lynley (text/illus.)
The Minister's Cat ABC
Wellington: Mallinson Rendel, 1992. [32] p.
ISBN 0-908606-86-9
ABC/English - Cat
This witty picture book interweaves an affectionate look at many kinds of cats with a vocabulary of ways to describe their activities. A seemingly simple subject is thus made unendingly more enjoyable and readable by the diversity of aspects to be observed page after page. It is hard to resist the desire to start right over at the beginning. Lynley Dodd's inimicable and hallmark style of drawing and coloring have found another congenial subject matter which children and adults can enjoy together. (3-7)

New Zealand (English) - 1994 - 76
Noonan, Diana
A Sonnet for the City
Dunedin: McIndoe Publishers, 1992. 175 p.
ISBN 0-8868-140-7
Student protest - Curfew - Kidnapping - Social responsibility
In this sequel to "Leaving the Snow Country" (1991), Penny Rider finds herself away from her home in the hills for the first time, having chosen to pursue studies at university. although she must thus give up the companionship of her new friend, a young doctor who is as much attracted to nature as she is. As befits her age, she is open to new experiences and making new friends, but is not fully able to deal with all the complications that arise thereby - conspiritory resistance to burocratic repression or the emotional attraction to a mysterious loner. Her thoughts on life, the various interests of her new friends and her probing attempts to keep a balance in her own life and struggle to sort out her own values are quite realistically portrayed. (15+)

Philippines (English) - 1994 - 77
Yuson, Alfred A. (text)
Parrocha, Beth A. (illus.)
Sunico, Ramón C. (transl.)
The Boy Who Ate Stars
Metro Manila: Cacho Publishing, 1991. 20 p.
(CPHI Trampoline Series)
(Text in English and Filipino)
ISBN 971-19-0060-2
Modern Fairy Tale/Philippines - Greed - Stars - Trees - Peace
How a little boy who had a craving to eat all the stars he could learned to appreciate having stars in the heavens is told cleverly along with a parallel tale about deforestation by outsiders to the community, which the villagers recognize only too late as wrong and harmful. When no stars and no trees are left, a stranger visits the village, giving the people a tree to begin re-establishing their forest and the boy wisdom to reverse his error. This is a bilingual edition, attractively produced on glossy paper in broadside format, with colorful, inventive watercolor illustrations. The book is part of a noteworthy series of innovative children's books coming from the Philippine's burgeoning children's book scene. (4-8)

South Africa (English) - 1994 - 78
Hartmann, Wendy (text)
Daly, Niki (illus.)
Een Winderige Aand
(All the magic in the world)
Kaapstad: Human & Rousseau, 1993. [24] p.
ISBN 0-7981-3086-5 (Engl. ed. 0-86486- 248-2)
(Also available from Dutton Publishers, USA, and Bodley Head, GB)
Magic - Odd-Job Man - Play
Lena is the smallest and clumsiest of five children who like to play together and occasionally visit old Joseph, the local odd-job man who has a tin box of scraps and treasures. One evening he helps them discover that magic comes from within, from what you make of the things you have or are given. The simple tale is told also through the illustrations done in bright, natural colors which delightfully depict the rural setting, their childlike playfulness and. in particular, Lena's eager, joyful facial expressions. The black South African setting is well-captured, the story international. (3-6)

South Africa (English) - 1994 - 79
Bodenstein, Christel (compile)
Bodenstein, Hans (compile)
Linda, Rode (compile)
Mphahlele, Es'kia (foreward)
Stories South of the Sun. 28 South African Read-Aloud Stories.
Cape Town: Tafelberg, 1993. 96 p. With illustrations
ISBN 0-624-02616-7 (Afrikaans ed. 0-624-03083-0)
Everyday life - School - Family - Adventure - Folktales/Africa
Compiled by two experienced educators and an award-winning compiler of other anthologies and tested in schools, this book represents today's multi-cultural and multi-faceted South African society in as much as the authors, both newcomers and renown children's writers, chose their own language of expression and focus on contemporary, familiar situations and persons - a hard week at school, a dispute of honor at home, fantasy encounters extraterrestials or dragons, animal fables and traditional African folk- tales. Eleven talented illustrators have contributed striking very colorful illustrations on most pages. The book offers a rich variety of well-written tales that will have wide appeal to readers. (5-10)
(This collection is also available in Africaans under the title Stories suid van die ion: 28 voorleesstories and in Tswana.)

South Africa (English) - 1994 - 80
Owen, Phyllis (text)
Seterfeld, Adrian (illus.)
The Dala Tree
Cape Town: Human & Rousseau, 1993. 44 p.
ISBN 0-7981-3090-3
School - Bully - Challenge - Tree-climbing
To strengthen his health, the city boy, Gideon, is spending several months with his grandparents on their farm in the Northern Cape. As a newcomer and outsider at school, he is bullied by Daniel, the undisputed leader of the boys in his class, until he decides to hold his ground and defend himself. On the spur of the moment he challenges Daniel to a duel: to climb the 18 meter- high Dala Tree in the school courtyard. After successfully mastering his fears in his dangerous climb, the book's well-written, tension-filled climax. Gideon is ready to put out his hand in friendship to his classmates. even Daniel. The author's very readable and believable description of Daniel's efforts to come to terms with fellow pupils, teacher and grandparents will strike a chord with many readers. (8-10)

USA (English) - 1994 - 81
Conrad, Pam (text)
Egielski, Richard (illus.)
Tub Grandfather
New York: Laura Geringer Book/Harper Collins, 1993. [16] p.
ISBN 0-096-022896-2
Toys - Grandfather
This unusual, but not implausible portrayal of the life-like world of wooden "tub" figures who make the best of things even when no child is there to play with them - by marching in parades, gardening or playing ball - immediately absorbs the interest the reader-viewer. Their daily routine is stirred up one day by the tub boy's accidental discovery of his long-lost grandfather, lying on his side, asleep in the dust under the radiator. By jogging his memories, he is finally revived and joins them again in their nightly vigil on the windowsill. The fantasy plot and the very realistic pictures of the stiff, round-headed toy will strike a chord of knowing recognition. (3-6)

USA (English) - 1994 - 82
Mason, Cherie (text)
Stammen, J. E.McAllister (illus.)
Wild Fox. A True Story.
Camden, Maine: Down East Books, 1993. 32 p.
ISBN 0-892 72-319-X
Fox - Animal Trap - Animal Instinct- Man/Animal
The author relates her own experience of befriending a young wild red fox whose front paw was nearly severed in a cruel and widely outlawed steel-jawed trap. Their tentative relationship of benefactor and cautious visitor continued over many months. In describing this period, the author weaves in many facts about habits the red fox while subtly suggesting the possibility of peaceable co-existence between civilized humans and wildlife. The realistic, warm-toned, colored-pencil illustrations capture a peaceful idyllic landscape and offer very beautiful portraits of the fox. (7-10)

USA (English) - 1994 - 83
Napoli, Donna Jo
The Magic Circle.
New York: Dutton/Penguin, 1993. 118 p.
ISBN 0-525-45127-7
English/Modern Fairy Tale - Hansel-and Gretel <Motif> - Witch - Evil - Good
The life story of the witch in the story of Hansel and Gretel provides the stuff of a fascinating and stimulating novel. Set in the Middle Ages, with its elaborate class system, belief in magic, superstition, and jealousies, the tale begins when a single-mother and skilled midwife is persuaded by a neighbor to employ magic spells in order to acquire even more "clients." She learns to exorcise evil spirits, much to their dismay. When these spirits finally manage to trick her and win power over her soul, she still fights against their will - to turn her into a devourer of human flesh - by escaping to an enchanted forest. Many years later, as an aged, self-sufficient hermit, her cottage is discovered by a young brother and sister, etc. The renown fairy tale is embedded here with extraordinary skill in a much wider profounder context - the battle between good and evil. Hence it, too can be regarded as a fairy tale inspite of its apparent realism. This is the second work by the author to rework a well-known Grimm fairy tale. The "Frog in the Pond" (19 ) tells the story of the prince's life as a fairly helpless and misfit frog after being bewitched and before he met the princess, his human benefactor. The humor of that story stands in strong contrast to the gravity of the witch's tale. (10+)

USA (English) - 1994 - 84
Sendak, Maurice (text/illus.)
We're All Down in the Dumps with Jack and Guy. Two Nursery Rhy- mes with Pictures.
New York: Michael di Capua Books/Harper Collins, 1993. [56] p.
ISBN 0-06-205014-1
Mother Goose/Nursery Rhyme - Slum - Poverty - Evil - Human Kindness - Moon - Social Conscience
This book cannot be compared with anything already available for children and youth, nor is it likely to be imitated - a unicorn. Even if the first "reading" - in this case looking, decifering and associating is required - seems difficult, it is well worth repeating. The borderless broadside illustrations, in characteristic Sendak style, are filled with visual details and clues of a view of the human condition, concretely that of the homeless in the slums, the dumps, of a big city, which we can recognize as New York City. The two Mother Goose nursery rhymes will be new to most everyone; they are not likely to he learned readily by children, but are worth exploring. Because of the complexity of the information and its societal implications, this book would be a stimulating discussion piece in classrooms of 9 to 11- year olds, where teachers can point out the use of symbolism and the book's connection with the reality. (9-99)

USA (English) - 1994 - 85
Scieszka, Jon (text)
Lane, Smith (illus.)
Your Mother Was a Neanderthal
New York: Viking/Penguin, 1993. 78 p.
(The Time Warp trio)
ISBN 0-670-84481-0
Time Travel - Stone Age - Mathematics - Magic
In this episode of the continuing saga of the time-travelling narrator, Joe, and his friends Fred and Sam, the trio return to the Stone Age to impress the natives (and postpone doing their math homework) and lose "The Book" of magic spells which enables their return to the present. After dealing with a dinosaur, a saber-tooth tiger and a wooly mammoth, by using their wits, they discover that some mathematical knowledge could be quite useful even in the Stone Age. Their string of zany adventures parodies other time travel stories, Tarzan movies and is related with characteristic American slapstick humor that appeals to middle readers.

USA (English) - 1994 - 86
Singer, Marilyn (text)
Oubrerie, Clément (illus.)
Szafranski, Paula R. (designer)
It's Hard to Read a Map with a Beagle on Your Lap
New York: Henry Holt, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 0-8050-2201-5
Dog - Poetry
This volume of dog poems for indefatigable dog-lovers and their sympathizers manages to pack a whallop of humor into every page. Showing astounding insight into the joys and, even more. the trials and tribulations of being either a dog or a dog-owner, Singer also uniformly demonstrates great wit and poetic skill in rhyme and meter. The French illustrator masterfully matches the tone and intent of each poem and the graphic designer deserves credit, too, for the very innovative use of typography.

USA (English) - 1994 - 87
Sis, Peter (text/illus.)
Komodo!
New York: Greenwillow Books, 1993. [32] p.
ISBN 0-88-11583-7
Komodo dragon - Komodo Island <Indonesia>
A child's obsession with dragons is rewarded one day by a trip to the Komodo Island in Indonesia, where (the author's afterword tells us) the rare giant lizard, the sole survivor of the carnivorous dinosaurs still lives (relatively) undisturbed today. Sis's visual satire of the tourist attractions on Bali and Komodo do not seem to penetrate the narrator's single-minded involvement with "his" dragon. The lush green tropical surroundings, filled with dragonesque images, demand intensive attentiveness, while the brief summative text is secondary. Thus, this is another splendid case for the power of visual narrative in a picture book for sophisticated, school-age readers. (6-10)

USA (English) - 1994 - 88
Strom, Yale
Uncertain Roads. Searching for the Gypsies.
New York: Four Winds Press, 1993. 112 p. With photos
ISBN 0-02-788531-3
Gypsy/Europe 1939-1992 - Multiculturalism
After giving an enlightening introduction to the ethnic group "Rom", as they call themselves, and a map of the migration routes of the gypsies from India to other European countries beginning 1300 years ago, the photographer Yale Strom lets the interviews and photos of several individuals - children and adults - in each country which he visited - Romania, Hungary, Ukraine and Sweden - speak for themselves. He also provides factual background details, personal impressions and a typical song text with music for each country, as well as a glossary and bibliography of quite recent information sources. This well-designed book is dedicated to "the hundreds of thousands of forgotten Rom who tragically lost their lives in the Holocaust" and is highly suitable for supplemental reading related to the Holocaust and to the fate of an ethnic minority in Europe today. (10+)

Special Mention - USA (English) - 1994 - 89
Wolff, Virginia Euwer
Make Lemonade
New York: Henry Holt, 1993. 200 p.
ISBN 0-8050-2228-7
Teenage Mother - Babysitter - Single-parent Family - School
A "lemon," in American slang, is something imperfect or defective. A lemon is, metaphorically, how the author characterizes the initial life circumstances of Jolly, a 17-year- old single mother with two pre-school children. The novel is, at least in part, about what she learns to make out of it. She struggles bravely against the odds to run the household and hold down a job. To do so, she needs an inexpensive babysitter, preferably one with strong nerves, a flexible time-schedule and experience. Instead, her advertisement is answered by 14-year old LaVaughn, a high-school girl and daughter of a hard-working widow. LaVaughn has set her mind on getting to college. For that she needs good grades at school and money, which she plans to earn with part-time jobs. The uneasy relationship that develops between these two very different teenagers over many months, the touching relationship between LaVaughn and the two young children, and LaVaughn's tentative attempts to defend her own opinions and actions to her mother are further aspects of this extraordinary, unsentimental novel set in working-class surroundings. That education is the key to the future could seem like an overly overt moral message, if it weren't simply self- evident under the given conditions. Narrated matter-of-factly by LaVaughn, it is written in her own natural speech patterns - a masterly achievement by Wolff. (14+)

USA (English) - 1994 - 90
Wolff, Ashley (text/illus.)
Stella & Roy.
New York: Dutton Children's Boohs, 1993. [24] p.
ISBN 0-525-45081-5
Sibling - Hare-and-Tortoise <Motif> -Contest
This modem rendition of the classic fable of the hare and the tortoise rings true to the eye and ear - sibling rivalry as seen every day in the park or at play, and the intense yearning and final triumph of the younger child, the unwilling underdog. The simple read-aloud text introduces catchy phrases used by children at play while the elaborate, colorful wood-cut and water-color illustrations delightfully capture details of nature and park surroundings from the child's perspective. (3-6)

Austria (German) - 1994 - 91
Blichner, Barbara
Irrlicht. Im Bannkreis der Sekte
(Ignis Fatuus. Under the Spell of Sects)
Mödling: St. Gabriel, 1993. 199 p.
ISBN 3-8S264-411-9
Sect - Family - Kidnapping - Swindle - Flight - Detective Story
Letty is a victim of parental separation. She lives with her father and his girlfriend; mother and brother belong to a commune of the sect PLUS LUCIS. So Letty is pleased to see her brother again, never imagining that he plans to kidnap her in order to integrate her into the sect. Just in time they are able to prevent the plan to force Letty to fly to Rio de Janeiro against her will. Although this detective story succeeds without a complicated plot, it conveys vividly the demagogic dictatorial structure of a quasi-religious group. (12+)

Austria (German) - 1994 - 92
Ekker, Ernst A. (text)
Dreyer, Sabine (illus.)
Lachmelone und Wackelstock
(Laughing Bowler and Wobbly Stock)
Wien: Osterreichischer Bundesverlag, 1993. 22 p.
ISBN 3-215-11161-6
Chaplin, Charles Biography
The color pencil drawings of this biography match the motifs of the most well-known scenes of the Chaplin film classics. In conversation with each other, Chaplin's famous bowler hat and walking stick help make the ideas and impact of the films accessible to young readers. Already published in this series are artist biographies about Mozart, Leonardo da Vinci, Camille Claudel and Josephine Baker, and more volumes are planned. (8+)

Austria (German) - 1994 - 93
Esteri, Arnica (text)
Dugin, Andrej (illus.)
Dugina, Olga (illus.)
Die Drachenfedem
(The Dragon's Feathers)
Wien: Osterreichischer Bundesverlag, 1993. 25 p.
ISBN 3-215-07862-7
Poverty - Wealth - Lore - Riddle - Assistance - Dragon - Fairy Tale/German
A handsome, but poor wood-cutter's son wants to marry the rich and equally beautiful tavern owner's daughter. Her father will only give his consent on the condition that the young man brings him three golden dragon feathers. So he sets off in search of the dragon, promising along the way to bring back advice for others, and returns home with both feathers and advice thanks to the help of the gentle dragon wife. Nothing more stands in the way of a happy ending. The detailed illustrations in the old-fashioned manner show the course of the story, filled with humorously alienated citations of persons and symbolic figures from Dugin's master teachers Dürer and Bosch. A picture book in which, in addition, it is fun to discover the encoded or ironical events taking place on the sidelines. (8+)

Austria (German) - 1994 - 94
Herfurtner, Rudolf (text)
Smith, Brigitte (illus.)
Das Taubenmädchen
(The Dove Maiden)
Wien: Ueberreuter, 1992. 78 p.
ISBN 3-8000-2367-9
First Love - Carrier Pigeon/Breeding - Return
Since meeting Mona, Malte's world has been changed. For instance, he suddenly likes carrier pigeons - because Mona loves them. When he raises a young pigeon and lets it free he experiences the pain of parting - similar to taking leave of his girlfriend when she moves away with her parents. But the carrier pigeon returns, and Mona doesn't disappear entirely from Malte's life. The republication of this text with new illustrations (first edition was published 1987 by Franz Schneider, Munich) was well-deserved. Rudolf Herfurtner succeeds in portraying the feelings of the children without naming them all too directly and thereby trivializing them. (8+)

Austria (German) - 1994 - 95
Mayer-Skumanz, Lene (text)
Bors, Marianne (illus.)
Das Lügennetz
(The Web of Lies)
Wien: Jugend u. Volk, 1993. 112 p.
ISBN 3-224-11046-5
First love - Friendship - School - Foreign Child - Family - Lies - Humor
Every Tuesday at four o'clock Roman meets blonde-haired Steffi to accompany her to flute lessons. And since he is supposed to visit his Aunt Steffi, who is almost a stranger to him, in a retirement home at that very time, his friend Zlatko regularly takes his place as the supposed great-nephew. Aunt Steffi begins to blossom out through Zlatko/Roman's attentions, not only because of the visits to cinema and wine cafes, but because she enjoys solving the riddle of the family swindle. The difficulties which the children in Zlatko's family (former Yugoslavs) have at school is also covered. Though they were born in Austria and don't feel a bit like foreigners, they still experience similar problems. With a deft hand the author writes a humorous, spell-binding story set in everyday life. (8+)

Austria (German) - 1994 - 96
Retti, Christine (text)
Holland, Carole (illus.)
Das große und das kleine Pfüh
(The Large and the Small Phoo)
Wien: Herder, 1993. 16 p.
ISBN 3-210-24843-5
Envy - Love - Happiness - Chimera - Search - Fantasy
To be happy, everyone needs a 'Phoo'. But where to find one when no one can say where it is to be found and how it looks? Latting and Letting search and search, argue with each other, although they love each other very much, and. exhausted, want to give up, when they see the two pink little clouds hanging in their sleeping tree at home - A 'phoo' for each of them. So they say. The made-up good luck charm, the 'phoo' which everyone supposedly has and needs but never shows off, didn't come between them. A story with a deeper meaning, drawn in comic style. (6+)

Austria (German) - 1994 - 97
Wagner, Bettina (text)
Kunstreich, Pieter (illus.)
Vom kleinen Känguruh, das aus dem Beutel fiel
(The Little Kangaroo that Fell Out of the Pouch)
Mödling: St. Gabriel, 1993. 16 p.
ISBN 3-85264-408-9
Australia/Animals - Mother - Child - Independence - Assistance - Monster
A lost kangaroo child is helpless without its mother. Although the little animal is helped by its relatives in the (Australian) animal world, its mother and the whole herd have simply disappeared. With the test of courage, asking the "great Bunyip" for advice, finally puts him on the right track. After surviving all the excitement, the little kangaroo has become independent when it finally finds its mother. The best-known animals of Australia are presented in an unspectacular manner, incorporated into the story of separation and reunion, which every child goes through. (5+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 98
Bedürftig, Friedemann (text)
Winter, Dieter (text)
Rieger, Birgit (illus.)
Das Politikbuch
(The Book of Politics)
Ravensburg: Maier, 1994. 160 p.
ISBN 3-473-35589-5
Politics - Government - Civil Courage
Who makes governmental policy? Where are the decisions made as to how public life (and, as a result, private life, too) is to function. Is the responsibility for everything exclusively in the hands of politicians? How and in what ways can an individual, even a child of a young person, become active politically? The systematically researched and clearly written information book for children and young people encourages to get involved in the public debates over their interests and helps them get an overall view of the system. It provides the requisite knowledge with precise information about the structure of government and communities in a democracy like the Federal Republic of Germany. Extensive address list in the appendix enable the reader to contact directly the regional and supraregional agencies responsible for the needs of children and youth. (10+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 99
Boie, Kirsten (text)
Bauer, Jutta (illus.)
Juli, der Finder
(Juli, the Finder)
Weinheim: Beltz & Getherg, 1993. 16 p.
ISBN 3-407-79104-6
Independence - Way Home - Boy - Police
Juli is allowed for the first time to go home alone from kindergarten. He knows what he is supposed to do: cross the street only on green (he waits through several green lights, because he enjoys seeing large and small vehicles all stop for him), and not stop needlessly anywhere along the way. But what to do when he finds something he should take to the police, for instance, a shoe (old)? For he has to turn it in because someone might be missing it? The policeman follows the rules. He accepts the lost article. He takes Juli with his "Peter-car" (police car) home. Surely that has not happened to anyone else in kindergarten! A friendly text with an almost broodingly precise rendering of events and the elementary pleasure of little children over the experience of being independent, trustworthy and important. (5+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 100
Ende, Michael (text)
Oberdieck, Bernhard (illus.)
Der Teddy und die Tiere
(Teddy Bear and the Animals)
Stuttgart: Thienemann, 1993. 14 p.
ISBN 3-522-34138-3
Self-discovery - Meaning of Life - Adventure - Togetherness - Teddy Bear
Old Teddy Bear Washable wants to find out what his purpose in this world is (he no longer belongs to anyone). So he sets out and asks the animals. But they can only give him insufficient answers since they all keep themselves and their clan alive by searching for food and caring for their young. But Washable consists of fabric and sawdust, has no tasks and cannot do anything. He's just there. But why? A little girl knows the answer: "Will you be mine?" she asks. In this way, his Teddy Bear existence once again has a purpose. A story and a painted Teddy which uphold the wish to belong among younger children and help them to see their own (usually also "unnecessary" little selves) as valuable. The story has been set to music by Wilfried Hiller for theater performances. (4+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 101
Engelmann, Reiner (ed.)
Morgen kann es zu spät sein. Texte gegen Gewalt - für Toleranz.
(Tomorrow May Be Too Late. Texts Against Violence, for Tolernace)
Würzburg: Arena, 1993. 235 p.
ISBN 3-401-01766-7
Tolerance - Violence - Germany - Overseas - Anthology
Twenty-four writers from Germany (East and West) and other countries write about the situation of the Germans in Germany, foreigners in Germany, foreigners and Germans in Germany. There are feelings of insecurity on both sides, but the greater burden is borne by the foreigners. Speechlessness (which is not verbal, but rather psychological) makes the situation worse. The authors hope to encourage, even request, their readers not to let themselves be overwhelmed by the general mood of pessimism, but rather to stay alert and active against perpetrators of violence. (10+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 102
Fuchshuber, Annegert (text/illus.)
Vogel Kachka
Ein Märchen aus Tadschikistan
(The Bird Kachka. A Tale from Tadzhikistan)
Ravensburg: Maier, 1993. 16 p.
ISBN 3-437-33477-4
Assistance - Poverty - Wealth - Ingratitude - Betrayal - Punishment - Bird - Fairy Tale/- Tadzhikistan
The bird Kachka is one of those who want to help good people in need. A poor old fisher receives a large fish every morning from the bird Kachka because he cannot catch anything himself any longer. The fisher and his wife soon grow fatter and richer - until one day the Padisha places a high reward on the bird's head. Then the fisher betrays his benefactor. But nothing good can come of that. Bird Kachka abducts the phalanx of bloodhounds on his trail to never-ever land in the endless skies. Annegert Fuchshuber's re-telling of this Tadzhik lale is a tribute to a wonder she remembers from her childhood when at the end of the Second World War the Russian officer Nikolai brought bread and sugar and told fairy tales. Possibly it is these early texts which influenced the visual imagery of the illustrator, which in its strong earthy tones links up to the western European ideas of Slavic-oriental tales (6+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 103
Giordano, Mario (text)
Witharm, Sahine (illus.)
Franz Ratte räumt auf
(Franz the Rat Cleans Up)
Berlin: Elefanten Press, 1993. 136 p.
(Elefanten-Press-Kinderbiicher, 477)
ISBN 3-88520-477-0
Boastfulness - Invention - Assistence - Love - Machismo - Animosity - Environment - Garbage - Dictatorship - Fantasy - Detective Story
The inhabitants of Lüchtenberg, the garbage dump of Lüchtenwald, live in a well-ordered social system. Everyone knows who his friends and enemies are, and in times of need there is a truce until the danger has passed. In particular (Dr.) Franz Rat and his assistant Miss Pimpenelle, the grey mouse, hold strictly to this rule. It makes no difference whether (Dr.) Rat's patients, such as Cat Nelson, number among their mortal enemies - everyone receives treatment. With caution, of course. Rat's hour of glory comes, however, when the meglomanic cock- roaches plan to destroy all the inhabitants of Lüchtenberg. Barrels of poison in vast numbers are being dumped on the hill. Clever, tricky, and with believable citizen's courage Franz Rat and Miss Pimpernelle succeed in saving their world. (8+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 104
Große-Oetringhaus, Hans-Martin
Kinder haben Rechte - überall: Aktions- und Informationsbuch
(Children Have Rights - Everywhere: An Activity and Information Book / With photos)
Berlin: Elefanten Press, 1993. 143 p.
(Ein Terre-des-Hommes-Buch)
ISBN 3-88520-478-9
Human Rights/Children
The internal structure of this unsentimental, informative book is oriented around the twelve basic rights of man which are claimed in particular for children: the right to have one's own name, to equality, to food, to clothing and housing, to health, peace, education and cultural identity, to one's own opinion, to protection against exploitation, to social security. The rights of handicapped children and the right of protection as a refugee are treated in a separate chapter. The situation of children from around the world is presented in short texts, usually illustrated with photos. Suggestions for activities in one's own country are given which make it possible, on a small or larger scale, to do something, preferably with the help of schools and educators. One chapter reports on the widely unknown work of the children's parlaments in Germany and lists their addresses. Through their commitment these texts give hope to the idea that actions taken against the injustice which children experience throughout the whole world can be meaningful. (10+)

Special Mention - Germany (German) - 1994 - 105
Clemens, Ditte
Schweigen liber Lilo. Die Geschichte der Liselotte Herrmann
(The Silence Surrounding Lilo. The Story of Liselotte Herrmann)
Ravenshurg: Maier, 1993. 191 p. With photos
ISBN 3-473-35129-6
Herrmann, Liselotte/Biography - National Socialism - Resistance - Execution - GDR/- Archive - GDR/History
Liselolte Heirmann was executed by the National Socialists for treason and planning lo commit high treason already in 1937. She had been active in the Communist resistance. At the time of her death her son was three years old, she herself 28. In 1987, two years before the opening of the archives, Ditte Clemens, a citizen of the GDR, began to investigate the available sources - and after endless difficulties with the officials also the archival materials - about Liselotte Herrmann, who was considered a model case of a Communist resistance fighter. The official, i.e. "permissible" knowledge about Lilo was based on spotty sources and thus did not do her biography justice. Thus with this book an example of citizen's courage in the immediate present is unfolded for the reader. The desire and personal wish of the author to make history transparent, to set recognizable truth off from the declared cliches, gave her the courage to overstep them. In mutually complementary, alternating chapters, Ditte Clemens develops the archive material in question in a fascinating manner for the reader and at the same time reports on her own difficulties in the search for truth. It becomes evident - this is the merit of this book - what kind of historical falsification is necessary in a dictatorship of any color and that only the resistance of individuals can remedy it. (12+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 106
Härtling, Peter
Lena auf dem Dach
(Lena on the Roof)
Weinheim: Beltz & Gelberg, 1993. 132 p.
ISBN 3-407-79614-5
Divorce - Family - Argument
Lena and Lars try in their own way to do something about the more and more frequent arguments between their parents. Lena even climbs up onto the rooftop and threatens to jump off. Unfortunately, they have to accept the fact that neither their acts nor their sorrow change anything in this conflict, and that lawyers are not always the bad guys, but in some cases understanding people who are concerned as individuals and as lawyers about the "welfare of the children." This book about the breakup of a family shows that in a conflict both adults and children are on their own and can hardly or only insufficiently help each other. Without glossing over the difficulties, the author indicates that it is possible to cope with unexpected and painful new situations with outside help. The reader is spared a view of the future; instead the lively energy of the protagonists gives hope for a better one. (12+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 107
Hagemann, Marie
Schwarzer Wolf, Skin
(Black Wolf, Skin)
Stuttgart: Thienemann, 1993. 125 p.
ISBN 3-522-16839-9
Violence - Murder - Foreigner - Asylum Seeker - Skinhead - Family - Rightwing Extremism
Wolfgang Schwarzer actually feels quite good in his role as "Black Wolf" with the other skins. He ran into this group of like- minded, in thought and deed violence-oriented gang at the age of twelve. The "solution" to the asylum seeker problem in Germany provides them with a goal and direction: they are not concerned about human lives. When one member of the group stands up to the others and saves a foreigner child, he is beaten to death by the gang. Full of catch words but still impressive, the author (writing under a pseudonym) portrays in the protagonist all the inner problems, brutality and lack of orientation seen among young people who have turned to violence, including the vicious circle of their isolated life's circumstances at school, in the family, and in the community, which condemns them to speechlessness. Violence in the family is continued outside of it. Blamed is once again the generation of parents who, in turn, had not been able to free themselves of their past. In a political sense the boys are mostly fully ignorant, they seek to be part of a substitute family, they want to retreat into their den, which is stocked to the hilt with weapons hut also quite homey with refrigerator and bed. Right-wing ideas and ideology are disseminated and practiced by veterans of the Nazi dictatorship who want to raise the youth to be "right fellows", just as they once were. In its word rhythm the text conveys the staccato of rap - the music and life- style of a generation fixed on speed and volume. The readability of the text carries the danger that its content will not be seen as the negative world which it seeks to portray. (14+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 108
Heidelbach, Nikolaus (text/illus.)
Was machen die Mädchen?
(What do Girls Do?)
Weinheim: Beltz & Gelberg, 1993. 53 p.
ISBN 3-407-79100-3 .
Girl - ABC/German
Nikolaus Heidelbach's alphabet floats absolutely free in the realm of fantasy, only the names of the girls are alphabetic. Whether the scene involves a snake with human (children's) features or a thoroughly plausible happening such as the wish to read undisturbed, closer inspection shows that each portrait involves the dark side of the dear little ones. Irmgard sits reading in a stuffed wing chair on a carpet of racing rats, probably in order to disgust the adults. Patricia "keeps an eye on her brother" by twirling him like an airplane around her (near solid iron posts). Yvonne wants to watch television and keeps a knife and cleaver ready, just in case. Boys and feeble adults (fathers) make a poor showing, serving as mere show or as objects of female aggression. As in Heidelbach's past picture books, there is nothing child-like here. rather the opposite. In so far this could be an alphabet which teaches the grown-ups to feel the creeps. Some early interpersonal, but not yet verbalized experiences are presented here visually with subversive irony. (8+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 109
Heinz, Heide (text/illus.)
Salzmann, Iris (text/illus.)
Ich schwörs bei meiner Pfote Alles wahre Tiergeschichten
(I Swear By My Paw. All True Animal Stories)
Recklinghausen: Bitter, 1993. 144 p.
ISBN 3-7903-0470-0
animal protection - animal shelters - man-animal -relationship - responsibility
Animals of most varied types who have found shelter on an estate with animal lovers introduce themselves. In spite of an often poeticized form, the texts tell of quite real and commonplace, happy and terrible animal fates which are taken seriously in these friendly surroundings - of grooming and comradeship, and of death and loss. The authors work full-time in creative professions and are actively committed to the cause of animals' rights to respect and protection. (7+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 110
Kehr, Karoline (text/illus.)
Ernst stand auf und August blieb liegen
(Ernst Got Up and August Stayed in Bed < Children's rhyme>)
Hildesheim: Gerstenberg, 1993. 14 p.
ISBN 3-8067-4684-2
Dream - Mailman – Punctuality
The mailman Ernst August is certified as the most punctual mailman in the world. But today Ernst gets into a dispute with August. Ernst gets up and August slays in bed when the alarm goes off at 5 a.m. Thus everything goes wrong on this day. Ernst falls off the bicycle, is bitten by a dog, and in his haste has forgotten to put on his uniform (or anything else). For all of these mishaps he naturally blames his alter ego August, who is lying at home in a warm bed. As Ernst is ready to confront August, Ernst August wakes up with a start. For the first time in his mailman existence he has overslept! A simple and humorous fable about the inner sleepyhead everyone knows. The illustrations; just as in the said morning rush, accidently smeared and corrected, but chrystal clear in their statement, with the necessary The mailman Ernst August is certified as the most punctual mailman in the world. But today Ernst gets into a dispute with August. Ernst gets up and August stays in bed when the alarm goes off at 5 a.m. Thus everything goes wrong on this day. Ernst falls off the bicycle, is bitten by a dog, and in his haste has forgotten to put on his uniform (or anything else). For all of these mishaps he naturally blames his alter ego August, who is lying at home in a warm bed. As Ernst is ready to confront August, Ernst August wakes up with a start. For the first time in his mailman existence he has overslept! A simple and humorous fable about the inner sleepyhead everyone knows. The illustrations; just as in the said morning rush, accidently smeared and corrected, but chrystal clear in their statement, with the necessary pinch of wink-eye. (6+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 111
Könner, Alfred (text)
Ensikat, Klaus (illus.)
Die Hochzeit des Pfaus
(The Peacock's Wedding)
Berlin: Altberliner Verlag, 1993. 12 p.
ISBN 3-357-00171-3
Banquet - Vanity - Trickery - Fable
The peacock issues invitations to the wedding of the century and everyone comes, in fancy dress, to celebrate with him. There is singing and dancing on the tables. True to his tricky nature, the fox offers his bushy tail as a wedding table - and disappears with the food and drink into his foxhole as soon as it is served, where he lives it up for a full week "and gave no one a crumb." Adapted from a Serbian tale, the text has been polished and interspersed with irony. Ensikat's graphic design for the text corresponds to the intent of the tale. Each illustration of this charmingly bestial show-off wedding party tempts the reader to enjoyable perusal thanks to the artist's mastership. The book's design enables all of the vain comrades of the wedding's host to be properly shown in the picture book world. (5+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 112
Maar, Paul (text)
Ballhaus, Verena (illus.)
Neben mir ist noch Platz
(There's Still a Seat Next to Mine)
Lohr a. M.: modus vivendi, 1993. 16 p.
ISBN 3-927401-15-3
Asylum Seeker/Germany - Foreigner - Family/Germany/Libanon
Steffi makes friends with a girl from Lebanon named Aischa, after she unexpectedly helped her out in a predicament. Both girls learn from and about each other - the customs and rules of their respective cultures. And yet Steffi unknowingly offends her foreign friend seriously by inviting her to a birthday party without her brother as escort. And Steffi cannot understand why Aischa expected such an invitation or is injured. Because of the ignorance of both children, the friendship is nearly at a breaking point. Only when Aischa is about to return to Lebanon with her family because their temporary quarters are threatened by attacks and her brother is insulted and mistreated in Germany, just as in his homeland, does a reconciliation take place. Simple imagery in and for the text. This book could be used in classrooms to help examine the situation of children from abroad. (7+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 113
Merten, C.S. (text)
Greser, Achim (illus.)
Der unsichtbare Kanzier
(The Invisible Chancellor)
Berlin: Elefantenpress, 1993. 125 p.
(Elefanten-Press-Kinderbücher, 452)
ISBN 3-88520-452-5
Invisibility - Germany - Politics - Humor
Just before a major political event an important personality becomes invisible. Catastrophe threatens, the German reunification is endangered. Only with the help of a magic ring, which had once decided the order of succession in the House of the Hohenzol lern, could a solution perhaps be found. The ring is looked for. (Political) leisure reading about the state of the nation, for children and adults. (10+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 114
Schwarzer, Anneliese
Grünberg lebt
(Grunberg lives)
Wuppertal: Hammer, 1993. 272 p.
(Galileo)
ISBN 3-87294-527-0
Nuclear Acchlent - Survival - Community - Nature
An unexplainable catastrophe has turned the whole earth into a death zone, with the exception of only a few elevated areas. The survivors must try to secure their living with the natural means at their disposal. Using the example of a village community, the author describes spellbindingly what is possible in this situation and how life can continue to function. The conciliatory conclusion is the discovery that in the seas living nature - at the micro-level - is developing anew and the dead areas becoming overgrown. A warning for everyone, and a thrilling book as well. (12+)

Germany (German) - 1994 - 115
Steinhach, Peter (text)
Knorr, Peter (illus.)
Der kleine Großvater
(The Little Grandfather)
Weinheim: Belz & Gelberg, 1993. 212 p.
ISBN 3-407-79607-2
Transformation - Body Size - Observation
Grandfather Karl-Gustav is given the surprising opportunity through a fantastic natural happening, lo be transformed into a mini- grandfather. When the twins Jenny and Johan pop in on him in the holidays, they have problems with their absent-minded or - seemingly - fully absent host, until they discover him in his disguise. And there are still more discoveries to be made by all children and adults who let themselves be transformed. How enormous a straaw is, or wonder of flight the living dragon-fly is! The author's intent stems from natural-ethical and religious ideas and aims at the abolition of structural violence. Fantasy, joie de vie, and the power of imagination on the part of the (by chance) large beings (people) for the little world all around them could help people to observe more closely and to respect and protect what is living. To let one's self be transformed from big to small could occur without any physical tricks of fantasy and help a person to empathize with the little ones. The particular merit of this text is its humor, which pokes fun at of the category body size. (8+)

Switzerland (German) - 1994 - 116
Boge-ErIi, Nortnid
Zwei Väter sind besser als keiner
(Two Fathers are Better than None)
Zurich: Nagel & Kimche, 1993. 142 p.
ISBN 3-312-00760-7
Family - First Love - Father - Friend
Isabel's natural father, a business man, is seldom at home and she misses him. Therefore she is pleased with the sudden appearance of Rudiger, her mother's old boy friend, and all of his desirable alternative life-style - communal living in the country, athletic, chum. Isabel's mother also feels comfortable around Rudiger. Finally when the parent's marriage threatens to fall apart, Isabel experiences her usually cool-headed father for the first time in despair. She recognizes that she doesn't want to be without him. The decision which Isabel's mother must make remains open in the book. The emotional conflict felt by the young girl is portrayed with an agreeable matter-of- course, without any noticeable pedagogic- psychological linguistic mannerisms. Everyday literature in the best sense of the word. (10+)

Switzerland (German) - 1994 - 117
Betschart, Hansjörg (text)
Mönster, B. Jub (illus.)
Soheila oder ein Himmel aus Glas
(Soheila or a Heaven of Glass)
Zurich: Nagel & Kimche, 1993. 89 p.
ISBN 3-312-00766-6
Asylum Seeker/Switzerland – War/Yugoslavia - Death - Friendship - Rat
Multilingual Switzerland, a classic land for asylum, is an old and new homeland for people of many nationalities. And yet Salim - son of an Arab who is a Swiss citizen - must often defend himself against violent, stronger boys. On one such day he discovers a strange, bewildered girl who has hidden herself in the cellar of his apartment house. He would prefer to overlook his discovery, to forget it, repress it, because he senses that he will get into even more trouble on her account. His parents, however, demand that he take care of the little Muslim girl, who speaks no German. Soheila went into hiding after witnessing how her father was tortured and killed in the Yugoslavian war; (seemingly) minor incidents cause her to panic and she becomes unreachable for adults. Salim succeeds in reaching her through toys and animals. In the end They go to school together – until her petition for asylum is turned down and Soheila is picked up by the police in the middle of the schoolday. She flees and cannot be found. The portrayal of the tragic fate of a child, hurt by war and violence, forced to live in strange surroundings, is emotionally convincing. Linguistic curtailments and gaps give the reader an authentic insight into the associative thought patterns of a child’s world of picture and experiences. (10+)

Switzerland (German) - 1994 - 118
Klapproth, Ruedi
Tunnel der Gewalt. Die Geschichte von Milan lind Niki
(Tunnel of Violence. The Story of Milan and Nicki)
Luzern: rex, 1993. 116 p.
ISBN 3-7252-0574-4
Switzerland - Yugloslavia - Foreigner - Violence - Family - School - Friendship - Death - Reconciliation
Milan lives with his Serbo-Croation family in Switzerland. The unloved father is killed in the civil war in Yugoslavia. But even in the midst of peace, there is no end to violence for Milan. Now the older, stronger brother wants to step into the place of the brutal father; at school Milan is discriminated against by fellow pupils and teachers. When his mother enters hospital, Milan goes off on his own. He finds an older person who accepts him and understands him, but this friend, who had become a substitute father to him, dies. Only his friendship with a girl named Nicki and the support of her parents finally help him to overcome all his difficulties. A view from the inside of a difficult daily life in multilingual Switzer land, which the native and the foreign children experience vividly - and the reader with them. (12+)

Switzerland (German) - 1994 - 119
Ullrich, Ursula (text)
Brülhart, Stefan (illus.)
Geschichten vom Florinchen
(Stories About Little Florin)
Zürich: Nagel & Kimche, 1993. 119 p.
ISBN 3-312-00769-0
Girl - Family - Everyday Life - Dachshound - Parakeet (Budgie) - Teddy Bear
Events in a child's everyday life - so an adult would say. Of course, Little Florin herself sees all of her large and small experiences as highly important and exciting. And so even an adult will read with pleasure about Teddy Max. Dachshound Oscar, how Flora loses a baby tooth bill doesn't throw it away, how she gives Mia, the parakeet, a burial and how she learns a judo chop so that the other children won't dare to laugh at her anymore on account of her speech problem, A cheery little book which shows with out much ado a family as a cooperative clan and even fights among siblings as solvable. (6+)

Switzerland (German) - 1994 - 120
Wendt, Irmela (text)
Mönster, B. Jub (illus.)
Kleine Häsin
(Little Hare)
Aarau: Sauerländer, 1993. 46 p.
Hare/Raising - Girl - Freedom
Nenna saves a baby hare from being attacked by a dachshound. Now she must raise the little animal since its mother refuses to care for it any longer. Much resourcefulness and care are called for during their 15 days together. At last the little hare grows big and strong enough to be released into freedom. The attachment of the childen to the little, helpless animal, their sense of responsibility and the trust which is possible between them both is the subject of this simple and moving story (6+)

Belgium (French) - 1994 - 121
Canta, Lillo (text/layout)
Rubens
(Rubens)
Paris/Louvain-la-Neuve: Duculot, 1993. 32 p.
(Le museé de papier)
ISBN 2-8011-1018-3
Art Appreciation - Rubens, Peter Paul <1573-1640>
That it is not necessary to find elaborate methods to awake in children an interest for art is proven by this volume. The author succeeds giving a clearly organized introduction to the vast oevre of the greatest painter of his time. The text is simply written, the commentary on the individual pictures easy to understand. On the very first page we become acquainted with Rubens' many-sided personality. The titles of each chapter are cleverly chosen, giving some indication of the most important themes of the paintings, Rubens' techniques, his life. The exuberant vitality of the painter comes across very clearly in the numerous reproductions. (9+)

Belgium (French) - 1994 - 122
Chevallier, Eric Dr. (text)
Pef (illus.)
Le préservatif. Trois mille ans d'amour protégé
(The Condom. Three Thousand Years of Safe Love)
[Paris]: Casterman, 1993. 45 p.
(Des objets font l'histoire)
ISBN 2-203-17217-7
Contraception - AIDS - Condom - Sexual Love/Youth

Belgium (French) - 1994 - 123
Grillot, Marie-Françoise (text)
Boll, Dominique (illus.)
La pilule. Trente ans de liberté au féminin
(The Pill. Thirty Years of Female Freedom)
[Paris]: Casterman, 1993. 45 p.
(Des objets font l'histoire)
ISBN 2-203-17216-941
Contraception - Birth Control Pill - Women's Liberation
In each volume of this information book series of cultural history a subject is presented which has played or still plays an important in western civililzation. At a time when youth is confronted with AIDS, it is important to help them and provide comprehensive information. Even for this, the approach is at first cultural - we learn, for instance, that the question of contraception was already a topic in ancient times. The first named volume contains not only exact technical explanations in word and picture. but takes into view the emotional needs of youth. In the second volume, the sexual liberation of women is in the forefront. Two volumes which are genuine guides for living. (13+)

France (French) - 1994 - 124
Barrault, Jean-Michel (text)
Maurel, Gilbert (illus.)
Mer misére
(The Sea in Misery)
Paris: Gallimard, 1993. 251 p.
ISBN 2-07-056734-6
(1st ed.: Seghers, 1991 for the text)
Newfoundland - Fishery - Codfish - Cabin-boy - Brittany/History <1900-1910>
This story is set in Brittany at the beginning of the 20th century. Thirteen-year-old Erwann leads a barren, unloved life in the country, a farmhand for a Breton fanner. Using every possible means, he seeks to join the codfishers, like his older brother. But life on the high seas proves to be no less merciless. Erwann survives the strain of a six-month journey, hard work, envy of a younger competitor and, last but not least, a capitan who goes crazy. When Erwann reaches land, he is much matured and knows what his future will be. The author is an expert on these topics and offers considerable technical details. He knows how to convey to the reader his own passion and that of the protagonist for the sea, describing life on board such a ship without reservations. This novel can be read at one go, and leaves one breathless in the end. (12+)

France (French) - 1994 - 125
Bourre, Marline (text/illus.)
Le palefroi
(The War-Horse)
Paris: Pére Castor-Flammarion, 1993. [26] p.
ISBN 2-08-160838-3
Freedom - Battle - Horse - Knight - Middle Ages
An aesthetically appealing picture book about freedom and dependency – the horse’s dependency upon man. A horse enjoys its unlimited freedom, is captured, drilled for war, lead into battle in full dress. It rears up, throwing the master off, and flees to freedom - but another human is already waiting for it. A parable which takes us back to the times of the knights, tournaments, and exquisite harnesses. The pictures show the vastness of the country, the strength of the horses, the frightful chaos of bodies and armour intertwined in battle. A picture book in retiring sepia tones, whose full beauty reveals itself only after several lookings. (6+)

France (French) - 1994 - 126
Brisou-Pellen, Evelyne (text)
Pilorget, Bruno (illus.)
Les cinq écus de Bretagne
(The Five Coins from Brittany)
Paris: Hachette Jeunesse, 1993. 250 p.
(Le livre de poche jeunesse 453)
ISBN 2-01-020026-8
Britanny/History <1469-1479 > - Adoption - Betrayal - City/Everyday Life
Why does the paymaster of Rennes, James Boisguérin, take in the young girl who - disguised as a boy - rang at his door on a summer evening in 1469 and asked him for help. Why must Guillemette Landais take on the name Philippa and why are the neighbors so suspicious of her? Will she grow into a self-reliant woman and be allowed to go into the profession of her benefactor? The reader follows these events that take place in city in western France in the Middle Ages with suspense. This lively written novel conveys a wealth of details about the life and customs of that period. (10+)

France (French) - 1994 - 127
Coran, Pierre (text)
Bennan, Laurent (illus.)
Le coeur andalou
(The Andalusian heart)
Paris: Hachette Jeunesse, 1993. 114 p.
(Le livre de poche jeunesse 466)
ISBN 2-01-019895-6
Handicapped Youth - Correspondence - Accident Victim - Recovery
When fourteen-year old Julien is run over by a motorcycle, he is confined to a wheelchair, unable to leave his room. To help him, his mother. Divine, invents a fictitious fellow, Thomas from Bourges, who writes him letters and lends him courage. Julien reacts at first hesitantly, but gradually the letters take on a central role in his existence. He dictates poems which reflect his moods. He shifts between the dark of the accident and the light of future recovery. A story told entirely in images and omissions, concise, even eliptic sentences and short chapters. The author has succeeded splendidly in portraying the emotional world of a modern youth. (12+)

France (French) - 1994 - 128
Cosern, Michel (text)
Turin, Philippe-Henri (illus.)
Le chemin du bout du monde
(The Path at the End of the World)
Toulouse: Milan, 1993. 169 p.
(Zanzibar 114)
ISBN 2-86726-903-2
Spain <Northeast> - Country Life - City Lifa/Everyday Life - First Love - Plague - Middle Ages
Loizu, a village in northern Spain near the Pyrenees during the Middle Ages, is visited by all the scourges - by drought, famish, plague, the wolves and last but not least the tax agents of the feudal lord. Johan, protected by a mysterious black apparition, and his childhood girlfriend, Oncha, are the only survivors. They hope to find a better life in the city of Pamplona, But the life struggle in the natureless city, which feels like a prison, is no less merciless. But Johan always finds a way, and soon he and Oncha find a protector. In spring they plan to return to Loizu with their new friends. The author describes the feelings of the protagonists. Inspite of all injustice, a strong feeling of hope runs through this beautiful novel. (11+)

Special Mention - France (French) - 1994 - 129
Denis, Jean Claude (text/illus.)
L'île aux mainates
(Mainate Island)
Paris: Albin Michel Jeunesse, 1993. [32] p.
(Les contes à dormir debout du pirate Pilou)
ISBN 2-226-05786-2
Pirate - Thrush (Blackbird) - Mimicry - Humor
This is the story of the feared and terrible pirate Pitou and a mainate, a clever, talking kind of thrush which leaves its home island on board Pitou's ship going to Europe. From the beak of this intelligent bird there is much to be heard. Upon arrival in Europe the thrush learns to imitate all sounds of our civilization and almost drives Pitou crazy, until he decides to return the irksome bird to his own kind. Ever since then this otherwise paradisical island has been filled with a true cacophony of the sounds of our civilization. In this oversized picturebook in comicstrip style - the author is known for his comics for adults - Jean Claude Denis succeeds in perfectly orchestrating the easily understood text with the pictures. Exclamations and commentaries are additionally placed in balloons. A first person report and nice, absurd fun. (4+)

France (French) - 1994 - 130
Gripari, Pierre (text)
Lapointe, Claude (illus.)
Contes d'ailleurs et d'autre part
(Tales from other sides and elsewhere)
Paris: Grasset-Jeunesse, 1993. 102 p.
(Collection Grands lecteurs)
ISBN 2-246-43782-2
Modern Fairy Tale/France
This author, who unfortunately died too young, is much loved in France, but unknown in Germany, for instance. Pierre Gripari has written numerous popular, head-strong tales for children. They are usually set in the French countryside, small towns, and the quarters of old Paris, Together with Claude Lapointe, a most congenial illustrator, he published several elegantly designed volumes with Grasset. This book is once again enrichened by his expressive, slightly grotesque pictures. (9+)

France (French) - 1994 - 131
lmraguen. Les pêcheurs du désert
(lmragu. The Fishers of the Desert With illus. and photos.)
Paris: Gallimard, 1993. 79 p.
(Fleur de Lampaul)
ISBN 2-07-OS8142-X
Mauretania - Exploration - Sea Voyage - Travelog - International Understanding
The children between twelve and sixteen years of age, from all European countries and different social backgrounds who are allowed to board the coastal ship "Fleur de Lampaul" in the company of scientists for several months, are to be envied. This is their report of their journey which took them to Mauritania and the little known desert fishers, the lmragues. It is a kind of diary, with texts written mainly by the youthful passengers. They report about everyday events on board the ship, their observations and experiences, interpersonal encounters. Drawings and photos accompany the text. It is also interesting to note that the pupils stayed in contact with their school classes at home via radio, keeping up with their lessons. (12+)

France (French) - 1994 - 132
L’invention de la peinture
(The Discovery of Painting)
Paris: Galliard Jeun.esse, 1993. 47 p. With illustrations
(Les racines du savoir. Arts)
ISBN 2-07-056833-4
Art Appreciation - Painting Technique
A new series of information books was begun by Gallimard in the spring of 1993 which, according to the publisher, are based on a new manner of getting childred involved in a subject. The series is divided into subject areas such as Nature, Music, Art, Science. Paging through the book can he likened to an exploration journey or even a Happening. The designers have come up with creative ideas and employed all the resources available in modern book technology. This volume does not treat painting as an art but rather the history of painting techniques in Europe and elsewhere, the production of colors and grounds, the implementation of modem processes, the work of art restorers, etc. An index, a chronological table and biographic notes complete this glossy, multi-colored and multi-dimensional panorama. (10+)

France (French) - 1994 - 133
Judenne, Roger (text)
Maucler, Christian (illus.)
Quand naîtra le lama bleu
(The Birth of the Blue Lamas)
Toulouse: Milan, 1993. 107 p.
(Zanzibar 110)
ISBN 2-86726-890-7
Andes - Indians/Soulh America - Exploitation - Lama
Bitter poverty dominates the Altiplano. The Indian village inhabitants are oppressed by the mestizos who come regularly to the village to buy up lamas, the sole source of wealth, at ridiculously low prices. The mestizos also offer jobs in the city, and the Indians unsuspectingly sign contracts in the hope of enabling their families a better life. In the village when Federico lives the old village wiseman preaches in vain that the misery in the city is even greater than there. And yet Federico's father signs up for work. Federico wants to save the herd of lamas which his father has turned over to him. He flees to the mountains, where a blue lama is born. An Indian legend says that this heralds the beginning of a better future. In short, describing the oppressive atmosphere, the unending misery, the ignorance of the resigned Indians, as well as their love for their barren surroundings. It is a novel about a revolt, of which Federico becomes the unwilling leader. (9+)

France (French) - 1994 - 134
Lenain, Thierry (text)
Un pacte avec le diable
(A Pact with the Devil)
Paris: Syros, 1993. 75 p.
ISBN 2-867-38894-5
(1st ed.: Syros, 1988 (croche patte))
Drug Addiction - Runaway - Friendship - Divorce
Because she cannot stand her step-father, twelve-year old Roxanne leaves home one night after a fight. She tries in vain to reach her father and his new girlfriend and meets instead David, who takes her in. She discovers that he is a drug addict - sometimes happy, sometimes sad and remote. For several days they live together like brother and sister - she an active, life-affirming element, he doomed to self-destruction. Returning one day after shopping, she finds David dead on the couch. Roxanne flees and collapses, unconscious, in the arms of her father's girlfriend, who nurses her back to health. Roxanne is able to stay on with them, Roxanne tells her story in the first person in a naturally witty language. Her view of events is at the same time child-like and precocious. The way she meets David, how she tries lo drag him out of his hellish world, her experience with her newly developing woman-hood, and her determination not to be dragged down, speak to the heart. (11+)
(Prix Sorcières 1989 from the French Book- sellers)

France (French) - 1994 - 135
Massin/Les chats pelés (text/illus.)
Jouons avec les chiffres
(Let's Play with Numbers)
Paris: Seuil Jeunesse, 1993. [18] p.
ISBN 2-02-020002-3
Number - Counting System
Playfully, but still in earnest, this over-sized information book introduces and explains numbers and counting systems of different peoples from ancient times up to today. A wonderful pretext for a group of talented young graphic artists, under the guidance of a well-known artist, to demonstrate their wealth of ideas and talent for graphic mise en scène. There is much here to study and to try out on one's own, (8+)

France (French) - 1994 - 136
Mingarelli, Hubert (text)
La lumière volée
(The Stolen Light)
Paris: Gallimard, 1993. 121 p. (page blanche)
ISBN 2-07-058160-8
Poland - National Socialism - Persecu- tion/Jew - Survival - Friendship - Cemetery
In a town near Warsaw, eleven-year old Elie finds refuge from his Nazi-SS pursuers in a cemetery in the Jewish ghetto. Setting up camp in front of the grave of Joseph Cytrin, he confides his fears and discoveries to Joseph, and also writes poems which he memorizes. One day he is joined by a some-what older boy, Gad, who deals in the black market and clearly feels superior to Elie. Every evening Elie goes off to eat, getting a little warmth from a sympathetic waitress, and also supplying Gad with food. Elie's monologue at the grave, the scanty dialogues of the two youth against the ever-present danger make up this short tale. Elie and Gad create an imaginary world which, because they forget their surroundings for a short time, ultimately leads to their deaths. The author has succeeded in transporting tragic events to a poetic level, making a stronger impression on the reader. (15+)

France (French) - 1994 - 137
Pommaux, Yvan (text/illus.)
John Chatterton detective
(John Chatterton, Detective)
Paris: L'Ecole des loisirs, 1993. [20] p.
ISBN 2- 211 03245-1
Little Red Riding Hood <Motif> - Cat - Wolf- Art Collector - Detective Story
Fairy tale motifs inspire children's and youth book authors to ever new variations. In this illustrated variation on the Little Red Riding Hood story, a smartly dressed cat is called upon in his detective office by an elegant young lady dressed in the style of the Twenties who begs him to find her vanished daughter. Identification aid: the daughter is dressed all in red. The detective John Chatterton vaguely remembers a wolf story and sets off. Along the way, he encounters various pieces of red clothing, which lead him to the right address. This time the wolf appears as an art connoisseur, his walls covered with wolf portraits by famous painters. The bound-and-gagged Riding Hood is used as bait for a farther painting. The remarkable feature of this long-sided book are the half- side, full-side and double-side illustrations which give the detective chase a suspenseful atmosphere. They are filled with subtle references to famous art works, comic strip figures, and earlier picture books by the author himself. (5+)

Canada (French) - 1994 - 138
Côté, Denis (text)
Poulin, Stéphane (illus.)
Le pare aux sortiléges
(The Bewitched Amusement Park)
Montréal: La coune échelle, 1994. 91 p.
(Roman jeunesse 46)
ISBN 2-89021-210-6
Québec - Amusement Park - Magic - Science Fiction
Maxime describes his visit to Luna Park with his parents and two friends, the delicate Jo and the sturdy Pounce. When the three friends step back out of the Halls of Mirrors, nothing is the same as it was - parents and mirrors have disappeared. The amusement park has grown unending, a horde of pleasure seekers jam all the aisles. Searching for the exit, Maxime, Jo and Pounce encounter strange figures. A green mask seems to have some significance. Suddenly Maxime realizes what is expected of them. They must say "yes" and each must agree to embark on a life-threatening adventure. After surviving the three-fold test of courage, they stand again close to where they began. The candy seller explains the deeper meaning of this "cosmic game" to them. The authors knows how to create suspense. From funny-grotesque to spooky encounters pave the way to deliverance. (9+)

Canada (French) - 1994 - 139
Gagnon, Cécile (text)
Poupart, Roger (text)
Soulières, Robert (text)
Poulin, Stéphane (illus.)
Liberté surveillée
(Freedom under Surveillance)
Montréal: Paulines, 1993. 141 p.
(Lectures VIP II)
ISBN 2-89420-183-4
Canada - zoo/Hemmingford <Canada> - Freedom
Three well-known children's and youth book authors are responsible for this "six-handed" novel, alternately writing its ten chapters. A school class makes their annual field trip to the Safari Zoo near Hemmingford. Gabriel, whose father sits wrongly in prison, cannot stand to see animals, especially ponies, in captivity. Other animals, too, benefit then from his secret night-time liberation act. Will he be sent to prison for his deed? A dying goat kid makes him aware of his helplessness. He meets Nancy, who had helps him to hide the whole menagerie in her parent's barn. When Gabriel tries to return the animals to the zoo, he is caught, but thanks to the aid of his mother and his friends, is soon released again. The zoo director promises to build larger enclosures for the animals. The precipitous events will undoubtedly correspond to the secret wishes of young readers. (9+)

Special Mention - Canada (French) - 1994 - 140
Demers, Dominique (text)
Les grand sapins ne meurent jamais
(The Evergreens Will Never Die)
Montréal: Québec/Amérique, 1993. 154 p.
(Titan Jeunesse 17)
ISBN 2-89037-627-3
Death - Mother - Daughter - First Love - Pregnancy
The first volume of this planned trilogy already received unanimous applause from the critics. It told the story of the cancer death of the protagonist's mother. In the second volume we follow the mourning period of 15-year old Marie-Lune and how she finds comfort and support from her friend Antoine. One day she discovers that she is pregnant. Should she have the baby? Antoine, who is actually too inexperienced to be of permanent help, sees no problems to a future life together. Should she give up her child for adoption? She finds no adoptive parents who please her and decides lo keep her son. The novel ends with a description of the birth, which we follow through Marie- Lune's feelings and impressions. The interesting feature of this moving and gentle novel is the psychological maturing process of the figures and their ability to go new ways. The author brings closer the confusion of conflicting feelings and Marie-Lune's sensibilities with both tact and humor. (13+)
(Governor General’s Prize 1993)

Canada (French) - 1994 - 141
Mativat, Marie-Andrée (text)
Mativat, Geneviéve (text)
Bienvenue, Diane (illus.)
Togo
(Togo)
Montréal: Tisseyre, 1993. 95 p.
(Papillon)
ISBN 2-89051-502-8
Alaska/History 1907-1927 - Sledding - Sleddog - Diphteria - Icebound
Two authentic, but completely independent events inspired the authors to write this interesting adventure novel. In 1907 the girls and boys of Nome, Alaska, organized the first dog sled race for Whites. In 1925 Léonhard Seppala braved the 1,000 km stretch of Alaska's icy desert with his sleddogs in order to bring the life-saving serum to the children of Nome who where dying of diphteria. "Togo" is the story of Seppala's legendary lead dog, who gives us a lesson of courage and endurance. (8+)

Canada (French) - 1994 - 142
Sernine, Daniel (text)
La couleur nouvelle
(The Unknown Color)
Montréal: Québec/Amérique Jeunesse, 1993. 154 p.
(Clip 9)
ISBN 2-89037-629-X
Fantasy - Horror Story
This collection of nine stories by the productive and creative master of fantastic literature who writes for adults, youth and children. These stories, with one exception, are shortened or re-written versions of fairy tales from "Les contes de l'ombre" (Tales From the Shadows") from 1979. The author is skilled at creating a spooky, mysterious, even creepy mood and has no difficulty with precise descriptions of the gruesome, as evidenced in the story "Derrière le miroir". "L'étemelle vieillesse" deals with an immobile group of very old people who perform the same activities day for day, decade for decade. The young intruder who, as an observer, hopes to discover their secret, has just enough strength left on the third day to realize that he, too, is now a captive of this eternal sequence. In this new edition Daniel Sernine has avoided his predilection for wordy descriptions, thereby increasing the suspense. (12+)

Switzerland (French) - 1994 - 143
Chauvy, Laurence (text)
Ardalan, Haydé (illus.)
Edgar Degas
(Edgar Degas)
Genève: La Joie de lire, 1993. 32 p.
(Chat-Musée)
ISBN 2-88258-030-4
Art Appreciation - Cat - Edgar Degas <1834-1917>
The great painter Edgar Degas as seen from a cat's point of view. This bizarre idea and certainly uncommon perspective of his oevre do not lead to absurd observations but rather illuminating descriptions of what is to be seen in the pictures. The cat narrates, self- importantly weaving in comments on her own welfare and her personal observations. On each double-page spread there is on the right a painting or sculpture, on the left the text and a drawing of the cat in an appropriate pose. (9+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 144
Baldassarri, Guido (text)
Maggioni, Federico (illus.)
Olleitlas che parlava all'incontrario
(Olleitlas, Who Spoke Backwards)
Milano: Mondadori, 1992. 102 S.
(junior + 10; 29)
ISBN 88-04-35798-3
Child - Abduction - Adventure
Ever since Saltiello (Olleitlas) had a fall, he speaks words the other way around, is captured by a collector of monsters, and is pursued by the dog-man Dogherman halfway around the world. After many grotesque adventures, he finally lands at home again. This ingenious story is accompanied by equally unusual, graphically remarkable black-and-white illustrations. (10+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 145
Carpi, Pinin (text)
Rescaldani, Marilena (illus.)
I lupi di mare della Grande Luna
(The Water Rats of the Grande Luna)
Milano: A. Vallardi, 1992. 140 S.
ISBN 88-11-97335-X
Ship Travel - Orphan - Magic - Adventure
The three-master, of which Beppe is - against his will - captain, is an island of happiness for many children thanks to two magicians who want to save them all from landing in an orphanage. Travelling and fleeing from port to port, they experience the strangest adventures and hear the most unusual stories. This fantastic book of adventures, written by one of the renown Italian writers for children, is illustrated with delicately drawn black-and-white illustrations and colored, striking, artistically demanding full-sized pictures. (10+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 146
Chiusano, Italo Alighiero
La banda di Pipin Bertuccia
(Pipin Bertuccia's Gang)
Casale Monferrato: Piemme, 1993. 174 S.
ISBN 88-384-1888-8
Orphan - Village - Youth Gang - Everyday Life
This well-known author first told his own children this story about the 11-year-old Pipino, the orphan, who lives with his bird Bràcola, his dog Fefo and his grandmother in the country, about his daily life and his adventure with his friends. Now he is put it down in his first book for children. It is a pleasure to follow the classic style story, beginning with the introduction of the persons and their world, which takes its lessons from Collodi. (12+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 147
Lodi, Mario (text)
Costa, Nicoletta (illus.)
II soldatino del pim pum pà : poesie, filastrocche, favole
(The Soldier of Pim-pum-pa: Poems, Rhymes and Tales)
Trieste: Einaudi Ragazzi, 1993. 67 S.
(Einaudi Ragaza / Storie e rime; 6)
ISBN 88-7926-098-7
Italien/Lyric - Peace - Justice - Democracy
Enchanting poems and short tales which deal with peace and true democracy, gathered together in a paperback with handsome illustrations. (8+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 148
Nanetti, Angela (text)
Nidasio, Grazia (illus.)
Veronica ovvero "I gatti sono talmente imprebedibili!" Veronika oder "Die Katzen sind alle unberechenbar! ")
(Veronica or "Cats are all unpredictable)
Trieste: Emme, 1993. 94 p.
ISBN 88-7927-156-3
Girl - Family - Cat
Nine-year-old Veronika, furnished with an intolerable older sister, an unfaithful lover, relatively normal parents and a wonderful cat needs to adjust to her surroundings and establish her role in them. How she manages this is told by a frequent prize-winning author from the perspective of the heroine in a humorous, readable but yet discriminating language. (8+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 149
Parmeggiano, Maria Laura
II segreto del calicanto : una vita per la libertà
(The Secret of the Spice Bouquet: A Life for Freedom)
Bergamo: Janus, 1993. 138 S.
Italy/Occupation - Resistenza Bergamasca <1943-1945 >
This historical novel tells of the resistance of the Italians against the German occupation after 1943, the "Resistenza Bergamasca", and its young heroine Adriana Locatelli in a fascinating manner. (12)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 150
Pitzorno, Bianca (text)
Blake, Quentin (illus.)
Polissena del Porcello
(Polissena with the Piglet)
Milano: Mondadori, 1993. 278 S.
ISBN 88-04-37195-1
Girl - Adoption - Parent/Search - Identity crisis
Adopting a boy's name, Polissena sets off to find her real parents. She is accompanied by the little vagabond Lucrezia and her trained animals, including a little pig. They fall into a society of the strangest varied people who all have something either clarifying or confusing to tell about Polissena's past. This novel is written in a clear, but not simple language, in which one surprise follows after the next; in addition, the publisher found it appropriate to commission one of the best English illustrators - Quentin Blake! (12+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 151
Piumini, Roberto (reteller)
Bosnia, Nella (illus.)
Giulietta e Romeo : da William Shake- speare
(Julia and Romeo; adapted from W. Shakespeare)
Trieste: Einaudi Ragazzi, 1991. 124 S.
(Einaudi Ragazzi / Narrativa; 1)
ISBN 88-7926-079-0
Romeo and Julia (retelling)
Julia's name is intentionally place first in the title, deviating from Shakespeare's. Piumini tells the old tale more from the point of view of the girl, reducing it to the original novella length, letting it profit from a language whose clarity heightens the drama. The handsome illustrations in Neorenaissance style complement the text well. (12+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 152
Piumini, Roberto (text)
Bosnia, Nella (illus.)
II segno di Lapo
(The Sign of Lapo)
Trieste: Emaudi Ragazzi, 1992. 210 S.
(Einandi Ragazzi I Narrativa; 8)
ISBN 88-7926-078-2
Wedding Feast at Cana < Painting > - Painting - Fogery - Detective Story
In the form of a detective story, the painting "Wedding Feast at Cana" by an old master is revealed to be a forgery by a group of youth, A pleasurable and easy to read story with handsome single-color illustrations. (12+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 153
Speri, Pietro
Ric della montagna
(Ric of the Mountains)
Bergamo: Janus, 1993. 214 S.
(Collana "le letture "; 42)
Youth - Loneliness - Frienilship - Identity Crisis
After the death of his grandfather, Riccardo lives, with the permission of his parents, alone in the mountains. His all-absorbing attention to Nature is interrupted when he becomes acquainted with three youths in a neighboring village. He learns to live in a community again. Speri's narration shows a fine sensibility for the psyche of youth, their yearning for pure nature, their search for an acceptable identity. (14+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 154
Venturi, Marcello (text)
Bosnia, Nella (illus.)
ColleFiorito
(The Little City of Blumenberg)
Trieste: Elle, 1993. 75 S.
(Collana "le letture"; 70)
ISBN 88-7068-544-6
Small Town - Railroad - Adventure
This amusingly written and easy to read story deals with a dormant little city whose only variety is the railroad line whose trains and passengers seem to stimulate the fantasy of the inhabitants. (8+)

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 155
Verne, Jules
Faeti, Antonio (intro.)
Cavattoni, Francesca (transl.)
L'isola dello zio Robinson
(Uncle Robinson's Island)
Milano: Mondadori, 1991. 209 S.
(Libri per ragaza)
ISBN 88-04-36324-X
Robinsonade
In the city archives of Nantes, a previously unpublished manuscript by Jules Verne (with the title L'Oncle Robinson) was recently found and is published here for the first time - in Italian. Verne began to work on the text, which was intended for the magazine "Magasin d' éducation et de récreation", in 1861. But only later did a revised version appear with the title "The Mysterious Island." The original version remained unpublished until now. In view of the extraordinarioness of this discovery, the book is prefaced by an introduction by the internationally renown children's book research Antonio Faeti.

Italy (Italian) - 1994 - 156
Ziliotto, Donatella (text)
Nidasio, Grazia (illus.)
Un chilo di piume, un chilo di piombo
(A Kilo of Feathers, a Kilo of Lead)
Trieste: Einaudi Ragazzi, 1992. 87 S.
(Einaudi Ragazzi / Narrativa; 2)
ISBN 88-7926-082-0
Triest - World War <1939-1945> - Child - Autobiography
The well-known writer tells of her childhood during the Second World War in Triest in a readable and, in spite of its serious topic, witty language. Caricature black-and-white illustrations of remarkable quality enrichen the book. (10+)

Portugal (Portuguese) - 1994 - 157
Amaral, Pitum Keil do (text)
Brandão, Luísa (illus.)
O Zbiriguidófilo e outras histórias
(The Zbiriguidofiló and Other Stories)
[Porto]: ASA, 1991. 28 p.
(Coleçcão ASA juvenil 55)
ISBN 972-41-0922-4
Portugese/Short Stories
Five short stories both possible and impossible, in the first story, the father learns that he can read his newspaper in peace even at home if he will only tell his son a story first of all; the second story deals with something which is mysterious only for the reader; the third describes the encounter between a young boy and a much-feared bull who longs for a little tenderness; in the fourth story 714 penguins take an excursion to the Algarve; the fifth deals with a skirmish between cousins. Brief situational descriptions, good dialogues. (8+)

Portugal (Portuguese) - 1994 - 158
Figueiredo, Violeta (text)
Bacelar, Manuela (illus.)
Fala Bicho
(Say Animal)
[Porto]: ASA, 1992. 44 p.
(Coleçcão Benjamim)
ISBN 972-41-1004-4
Lyric/Portugese - Nonsense
Golden brown shaded pages alternate with airy green-blue ones, the watery brush stroke gives the ocean and land each their own structure on which animals, cities and plants have intentionally childlike forms. Each double-page spread is reserved for the presentation of a poem. The lyrical miniatures contain absurdities, word play, amazement and wit. A picture book to indulge oneself in, with the ring of language in one's ear. (5+)
(Prémio INASSET-INAPA 1991)

Special Mention - Portugal (Portuguese) - 1994 - 159
Losa, Ilse (text)
Modesto, António (illus.)
Miguel o expositor
(Miguel, the exhibitor)
[Porto]: Afrontamento, 1993 (1st ed. 1983).
(Colecçao Tretas e Letras 10)
ISBN 972-36-0301-2
Poverty - Art - Mother/Son
Painting as an expression of intimate needs is made immediately visible in the case of young Miguel. When the friend of his over- worked mother sends Miguel out on the street to sell his first, still unfinished picture in order to make money, he obeys him. Miguel succeeds in selling his picture for a high price. But when the mother, made happy by the money, encourages him to make more pictures to sell, something in him threatens to break. When the mother suddenly recognizes the pain her child suffers and attends to him, the effect is redeeming for both protagonists and reader. The mood of each chapter is suggested by the use of matted or bright colors. (8+)

Argentina (Spanish) - 1994 - 160
Andruetto, María Teresa (text)
Melgar, Patricia (illus.)
El anillo encantado
(The Magic Ring)
[Buenos Aires]: Sudamericana, 1993. 59 p.
(Pan Flauta 21 (Cuenlos del mundo))
ISBN 950-07-0824-8
Fairy Tale/Retelling
These seven fairy tales, whether set in the Orient, in the European Middle Ages or so- for the most part well-known. But this volume is not simply an edition of modernized versions of old tales. The particular fascination of this edition lies instead in the form. The transition from several short sentences to a longer one, and the deliberate repetition of narrative segments give these texts a poetic structure in which each word has its place, determined by both the meaning and rhythm. (10+)

Argentina (Spanish) - 1994 - 161
Shua, Ana María (text)
Franco, Coca (illus.)
La puerta para salir del mundo
(The Exit Gate of the World)
[Buenos Aires]: Sudamericana, 1992. 59 p.
(Pan Flauta 19 (Sentimientos))
ISBN 950-07-0747-0
Truth - Lie - Reality - Dream - Adult
As a result of his visit to a television studio, Andrés is shattered to find that everything in television is an outright lie. At home he seeks comfort with his stuffed dog, Pelusa. A mysterious Mr. Qwerty enters his room through the wall, offering to let him pass through the blue door to the world "where everything is true" - but only if he doesn't tell a single white lie for 24 hours. The second story of this volume. The Dove's Feather, also involves the use of contrasting worlds in order to learn to recognize the present reality better, making it easier to bear: Gustavo saves a dove and receives a magic feather without learning how it is to be used. In any case, it doesn't help him to learn his multiplication tables. Only later, as a grown- up, does he discover its properties by accident - when he watches seemingly carefree children at play, and wishes he could return to that age again, his wish is immediately granted. The author tells her stories cleverly and with humor. (8+)

Argentina (Spanish) - 1994 - 162
Villafañe, Javier (text)
Contarbio, Delia (illus.)
El hombre que debía adivinarle la edad al diablo
(The Man Who Had to Guess the Devil's Age)
[Buenos Aires: Sudamericana, 1991. 53 p.
(Colección Pan Flauta 15 (Cuentos de América))
ISBN 950-07-0660-1
Argentina/Fairy Tale - Poet
Javier Villafañe is a well-known and respected puppet-player and fairy tale teller even far beyond the border of Argentina. The title story of this volume is known everywhere, but enhanced here with local color and word play. The second story. El tío Kive reveals the interaction of fantasy and reality: While Alejandro is working on geometry problems, the admonishing and controlling voice of his father brings him back again over and over to the school-boy reality he would like to flee, but random images of street-life take on a nimble, improvable life of their own. His thoughts also wander off to his uncle, whose eyes he has supposedly inherited. Alejandro's imagination and his simultaneous worlds are quite convincingly and humorfully portrayed. Dreamers will easily recognize themselves here. (9+)

Argentina (Spanish) - 1994 - 163
Mendoza, Susana (text)
Dávalos, Felipe (illus.)
Cuento de Junio
(Tales of June)
[Amecameca]: C.E.L.T.A./Amaquemecan, 1991. 26 p.
(Barril sin Fondo)
ISBN 986-6465-15-4
Myth - Sommer Soltice - Sun - Jaguar - Indians
At the start of this book we see a panorama of luscious vegetation, a woman and three girls going through the forest as the sun begins to rise. Armadillos and birds are still sitting in the darkness. Only on the next page does the story of the encounter of the young girls with the great "tiger", the golden shining one, really begin. Is it the sun? The old grandfather, whom the children tell about this encounter, believes it. Pages of text alternate with double-spread illustrations. The sequence invites the reader to linger with the pictures which portray both the mythic dimensions of the story and the subjective experiences of the girls. The illustrations of this updated version of the solstice myth are brilliantly colored and mysterious, but also reflect a realistic Mexican landscape. (8+)

Spain (Galician) - 1994 - 164
Villar Janeiro, Helena (text)
López Domínguez, Xan (illus.)
A canción do rei
(The Song of the King)
[Vigo]: Galaxia, 1991. 89 p.
(Arbore (Serie Verde))
ISBN 84-7154-758-9
Poetry - School - Friendship - Sea - Good King Dagobert (Song)
Cosme himself doesn't know why he so often makes claims that are not at all true. For instance, to claim at school that he knows a real king. And in the music lesson to suggest that a song must be composed for this king. He would supply the details on the following day. That afternoon by the sea, while he struggles to find a way out of his lies, a miracle suddenly occurs. Over the waves comes first the chords of a fanfare, then an army with King Dagobert at its head. He only realizes that it is King Dagobert when his mother sings him the popular French children's song about good King Dagobert that very evening. The author accompanies her protagonists consistently and sympathetically letting the reader share, along with Cosme's school friends, in the ordinary and extraordinary. (9+)

Spain (Catalan) - 1994 - 165
Coll, Pep
Qué farem, què direm?
(What shall we do, what shall we say?)
[Barcelona]: Cruïlla, 1992. 168 p.
(Gran Angular 42)
ISBN 84-7629-604-5
Pyrennees - Hobgoblin - legend - Illegal Immigrant
During a visit to the local museum of ethnology the narrator, the school-girl Bet, hears for the first time about the strange and even dangerous miniature inhabitants of the Pyrennees. Didn't something just move in the vessel in which, according to the label, they are living? Naturally Bet succeeds, firstly, in learning more about the "minairons", seconds, in liberating them, and thirdly having them serve and entertain her. The story is set in a village at the time of the celebration of the Three Magi, of which Bartholomew, the black man, helps the author to point out the dangerous situation and lack of rights these people have. Even his protagonist can't do anything to change that. In the end Bet loses the "minairons," but not before they help the basketball team, her first gentle love, to victory. (13+)
(Premi Gran Angular 1991)

Special Mention - Spain (Catalan) - 1994 - 166
Jordana, C. A. (text)
Jover, Llui'sa (illus.)
Antenaforta i Caragran
(Strong Antenna and a Large Face)
[Barcelona]: Abadia de Montserrat, 1992. 24 p.
(La Finestra 19)
ISBN 84-7826-297-0
Fable - Ant - Cricket - Agreement
The crickets sing untiringly in order lo ease the life of the ants who scurry about their work in long columns. Over and over again the crickets assure each other how glad the ants must be to have this musical accompaniment. They only realize that their chirping gets on the ants' nerves when the ants are relaxing in their comfortable winter apartments and the crickets beg them for food - only to be given the cold brush off. But next summer when the ants can barely drag themselves along in the August sun, the crickets having decided to strike, the ants then send their own delegation. Winter provisions are assured, if only they will sing again for the weary workers. The illustrations by Jover give this old and often retold fable additional charm. While entire convoys of racy ants line the borders in various formations, small, full-sized drawings on the opposite page portray the place, action and mood of the events with all its delightful minute details. (6+)

Spain (Catalan) - 1994 - 167
Quart, Pere
Vacances pagades
(Paid Vacation)
{Barcelona]: Enciclopedia Catalana, 1992. 92 p.
(Colunma Proa Jove 45)
ISBN 84-7739-422-9
Lyrical poetry/Catalan
Pere Quart (pseudonym of Joan Oliver i Sallares, 1899-1986) is considered the most important Catalan poet of this century and this book "possibly his best book" (according to The Oxford Companion to Spanish Literature). This little volume, with its short and clear texts, is published for young adults who experience poetry as an expression of their humanity. The author received the renown Ausiàs March Prize in 1959 and the Lletra d’Or in 1961.

Spain (Spanish) - 1994 - 168
Cervantes, Miguel de (text)
Ginesta, Montserrat (illus.)
Gimenez-frontín, José Luis (adapter)
Don Quijote
(Don Quixote)
[Barcelona]: La Galera, 1993. 86 p.
(La Galera a proa 1)
ISBN 84-246-8501-6
Don Quixote
Experience shows that the adventures of Don Quixote have become a byword, but hardly a pupil knows them from actual reading - the book is too thick, the language too difficult. This adaptation will hopefully tempt readers to delve into the original at the right time. This edition contains the well-known adventures and characteristic elements which make its reading a delight. The illustrations by the artist Ginesta emphasize the light-hearted, burlesque side of the novel. (10+)

Spain (Spanish) - 1994 - 169
Faner, Pau (text)
Vila, Jordi (illus.)
La Dama de la media almendra. La Isia de los Hombres
(The Lady of the Half-Almond. The Island of Mankind)
[Barcelona]: Destino, 1992. 132 p.
(Pequeño delfin)
Fairy Tale/Spanish - Love - Knight - Adventure
Beauty which drives men crazy is a well- known motif. The places below and above earth where dramatic rescue attempts or wild adventures take place are also well-known. And also the helpful spirits, bewitched princes and princesses. All this and much more is mixed together by the author in a new fairy tale novel. At the same time he interrupts the long series of descriptions, which have any amount of purple, silver, and bell-like laughter, for two or three short, profane statements from his protagonists just at the right moment, in order to keep his readers suspended between pathos, irony and persiflage and well-entertained. The sequel to this novel is titled "El camino de las rocas negras." (12+)

Spain (Spanish) - 1994 - 170
Farias, Juan (text)
Gatagán, Tino (illus.)
La Espada de Liuva
(Liuva's Sword)
[Barcelona]: SM, 1990. 123 p.
(Catamarán 26)
ISBN 84-348-3275-5
Shepherd - Family - Law - Freedom - Amadis - Middle Ages
The young shepherd wants to lead a life for himself, not for his lord. With his father's blessing and a piece of bread he sets out into the world. He learns to keep on his toes and meets a girl who becomes his companion. They travel through burned out plains, and have to flee from murderous masters. They settle in a place where their child is born. He works the land and unquestioningly takes in other solitary travelers - a robber and a herbalist. They all want just one thing - to satisfy the elementary needs of food, warmth and a life not subject to arbitrary power. This story takes place in a fictitious Middle Ages, which demands the saving intervention of the knight Amadis, The chronicler, however, comes from another point in time: books are his "time machine." Human needs are shown to be as constant today as they were then. (10+)

Spain (Spanish) - 1994 - 171
Fortún, Elena (text)
Munoa, Rafael (illus.)
Celia en el colegio
(Celia at School)
[Madrid]: Aguilera, 1973 (1st ed. 1950). 224 S.
(Celia y su mundo)
ISBN 84-03-46004-X
Schoolgirl - Boarding School - Child/Adult
When Celia appeared in the Spanish literature (her adventures began in the 1930s and continued into the 1950s) she was enthusiastically welcomed. Today she is a fixed part of Spain's cultural knowledge. A few years ago her books were successfully reprinted. Although some parts are only of historical interest, the Elena Fortúns dialogue technique (the series Celia and her World is constructed only with dialogues) is exemplary and her consistent partisanship for the child in a world dominated by adults remains relevant, (8+)

Spain (Spanish) - 1994 - 172
Gregori, Josep (text)
Bosca, Ferran (illus.)
Carreño, Soledad (transl. from Catalan)
La brujita Teresita
(The Little Witch Teresita)
[Barcelona]: La Galera, 1993. 130 p.
(Grumetes 1)
ISBN 84-246-8601-2
Witch - Broom - Child-swapping - Friendship - Magic
A man and wife witch couple is shocked at the appearance of their newborn daughter - red-cheeked, no warts, smiling, simply despicable! The daughter does however develop into a good little witch, though with a few peculiarities. She secretly trains the vacuum cleaner, she prefers milk and vegetables to flies' legs and rat-tails. When all the magic brooms are stolen one day from the witches' village, she is the one who discovers the thieves -lazy men who try to get out of their household chores with this present lo their wives. Along the way she also saves a young boy who seems to fit quite well into the witches village. The observations, dialogue and conclusions of this many facetted game with the entire arsenal of witchery are a source of light- hearted fun. (8+)

Special Mention - Spain (Spanish) - 1994 - 173
Martin Gaite, Carmen (text/illus.)
Caperucita en Manhattan
(Little Red Riding Hood in Manhattan)
[Madrid]: Siruela, 1991. 205 p.
(Las tres edades)
ISBN 84-7844-056-9
New York City - Grandmother/Granddaughter - Little Red Riding Hood <Motif> - Freedom - Statue of Liberty - Stawberry Pie
As the book blurb says: Sara Alien is a 10- year-old girl living in Brooklyn. Her greatest wish is to go one day all alone to Manhattan to visit her grandmother and bring her a strawberry pie. This grandmother was once a variety show dancer and married several times. The wolf is here Mr. Wolf, a pastry cook and multimillionare who lives in a skyscraper near Central Park. But the magical path of the story leads to Miss Lunatic, an ageless beggar who lives in the Statue of Liberty by day and spends her nights out-side. An encounter with her changes a person's life. In any case, the declared reader's age of "For 8 to 80" for this series is correct for this book, which is much deeper than just a literary game, but which is also fun. (8-80)

Spain (Spanish) - 1994 - 174
Guillén, Jorge
Pelegrín, Ana (intro.)
Isia de rojo coral
(Island of the Red Corals)
[Salamanca]: Lóguez, 1993. 136 p.
(Lajoven colección)
ISBN 84-85334-68-X
Lyric/Spanish - Cuba - Anthology
This selection of poems from different cycles is particularly well suited to showing the wide spectrum of work by this extraordinary poet (1902-1989) who also wrote especially for children. His poems are in part set to music, a fact which, in view of the marked rhythm of his verses, sounds almost like a tautology. In his poems he sings the praises of his homeland Cuba and its inhabitants, the descendants of Africans and Spaniards, and makes a plea for social justice, tolerance and freedom. (12+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 175
Christiansen, Ole E.
Skjolds mærkelige rejse
(Skjold's Remarkable Journey)
[Frederiksberg] : Branner og Korch, 1993. 114 p.
ISBN 87-411-5700-1
Legend/Nordic - Valhalla - Death
The thirteen-year old Skjold-the-Stone- thrower is killed in battle and is brought to Asgard by the Valkyries. He is also allowed lo be take a seat in Valhalla. Because of his youth, he is given a chance to begin his life again. This easy to read story is amusingly told. At the back of the book there are explanations for the most important names and terms from the Nordic mythology. (10+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 176
Haller, Bent
Neondrengens profeti
(The Prophesy of the Neonboy)
Kopenhagen : Høst & Søn, 1993. 167 p.
ISBN 87-14-19224-1
Humanity - Redemption - Hope - Christ/Legend
A story of the battle between good and evil within man, a drama of redemption within an asocial setting marked by prostitution, drug abuse and alcoholism, is developed upon the basic pattern of the biblical story of Jesus. Told without any Christian evangelical ambition by the ten-year old Sara (as Maria), who bears a son Solnvan (meaning "nameless"), after the anunciation by a light- flooded "Neondreng". The message that hope can only be conveyed to the hopeless by someone from their own background, is embedded in a narrative tone which keeps up the suspense until the end. At times oppressively sobering, but always impressive language. (14+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 177
Hansen, Niels Henrik
Rejsen til Okapi : lilles fire historier
(The Journey to Okapi: Lille's Four Tales)
Aarhus : Modtryk, 1993. 203 p.
ISBN 87-7394-294-4
Prirmitive People - Flight - Civilization - Reservation
Due to a dramatic change in climate, a hunting people is forced to leave its land. They take over a strange, stranded ship which brings them to their island homeland. There they are confronted with civilization, where the guests can read, produce ships and clothing, make fire, etc. They also have a different religion. As a result aggressive feelings grow ever stronger among the two peoples, making a conflict appear unavoidable. Written in the style of adventure stories written in an indefinable time and place, this is challenging, thought-provoking reading matter. (12+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 178
Koch, Peter Gjellerup
I det syvende helvede
(In the 7th Hell)
[Frederiksberg] : Branner og Korch, 1993. 248 p.
ISBN 87-411-5710-9
First Love - Inexperience - Self-identity
In a moment of adventurousness, Malmcolm gets engaged at the age of sixteen. Constanze is a submissive, patient bride. But neither she nor Malcolm, who has until know gotten all his information from rather dark and dubious sources, know what love really means. His mother, however, has a rather strange, but much-experienced older household helper, who patiently shows Malmcolm how to deal with reality better, even to the point of solving his psychological and physical problems with puppet role-playing and practical instruction. This is almost a Daphne and Chloe story, but, quite modern, delving deeply and broadly into the human soul. It is written in such a fascinating. sometimes satirical style that to read it is a delight to read. (16+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 179
Stybe, Vibeke (ed.)
Olsen, lb Spang (illus.)
Syng mine svaner
(Sing, My Swans)
København : Carlsen, 1992. 140 p.
ISBN 91-510-6541-X (Swedish edition)
Fairy Tale/Scandinavia
This exquisitely illustrated and printed edition of Nordic tales was published simultaneously in all Scandinavian countries. With Vibeke Stybe as editor, one can he assured of a good selection. The illustrations - relaxed, stimulating, but not overly colorful - are late work of the famous Danish illustrator and excellently reflect the Nordic atmosphere of the tales. (8+)

Special Mention - Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 180
Thaulov, Pia
Lille Kong Magnus
(Little King Magnus)
Kopenhagen : Høst & Søn, 1993. 30 p.
ISBN 87-14-13081-5
Only Child - Sibling - Jealousy
As a single child, one is kind, but the parents are already at work at the dethronement. Once the little baby brother is born, a highly painful process of adjustment to a new situation begins. Pia Thaulov is a vehement illustrator, the brush full of energy, the colors wild, her ideas wild and grotesque. All the actors are characterized with unerring strokes. The mother, in spite of a stomach like as kettle drum, is not pregnant wet blanket, but remains an attractive young woman. The new infant is not, as usual, drawn sugary sweetly, as if from the parents point of view, but, complete with umbilical chord as if on a fishing pole, blue and blaring, leaps toward the first-born, who falls from his disintegrating throne as if into nowhere. The book ends happily in harmonious brotherliness, while the parents are sent off to prepare bottles and make more children. (0+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 181
Ólafsson, Guðmundur P.
Í fjörunni
(In the Harbors)
[Reykjavík] : Mál og menning, 1992. [16] p.
(Milli himins og jarðar)
ISBN 9979-3-0358-1
Iceland/Flora and Fauna - Sea Harbor
In impressive photos the surprisingly rich life under water in the sea harbors of a seemingly barren Iceland are introduced. (10+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 182
Eldjárn, Pórarinn (text)
Ólafsson, Tryggvi (illus.)
Litarím
(Poetry)
Reykjavík: Forlagið, 1992. [26] p.
ISBN 9979-53-177-0
Lyrik/lcelandic - Color
These pretty poems give examples of things made of the primary colors and their basic mixtures (green, brown, orange, gray). They are illustrated with full-sized, graphically quite impressive picture of strong coloring which are oriented somewhat toward Léger. (6+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 183
Gíslason, Gylfi (illus./reteller)
Árnason, Jón (text)
Sálin Hans Jóns míns
(The Soul of My Hans Jóns)
Reykjavík: Forlagið, 1992. [26] p.
ISBN 9979-53-164-9
Fairy Tale/Iceland - Death - Paradise
In Iceland the long, cold and dark seasons provide the opportunity to make up good stories, to write good books - and to read. In this tale, a woman catches the soul of her husband, a notoriously layabout, in a sack and carries it herself to the gates of heaven, where St. Peter happens to be sweeping the steps. When both Peter and Paul, both Maria and Jesus refuse to take on the package, she gives it a sturdy kick into the kingdom. This ingenious Icelandic tale (based on a text by Jón Árnason), with excellently drawn and printed illustrations is related in such a staggeingly funny manner that no child should be denied it. (6+)

Denmark (Danish) - 1994 - 184
Gíslason, Gylfi (illus./reteller)
Davíðsson, Ólafur (text)
Sagan af Gýpu
(The Tale of Gypa)
Reykjavík: Forlagið, 1992. [24] p.
ISBN 9979-53-165-7
Fairy Tale/Iceland - Glutton
The same illustrator who wrote "Salín Hans Jóns mín" (see above) retells the old tale of a girl (or man or animal??) who eats anything which he encounters until bursting and thus returning everyting again in Icelandic local color as a very amusing picture story. (6+)

Norway (Norwegian) - 1994 - 185
Karlsen, Øyvind Bremer
Odin går berserk! : All verdas frimerke med motiv frå norrøn gudetni og historie
(Wotan goes Berserk: Postal Stamps from Around the World with Motives from northen Islands, Religion and History)
Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, 1992. 112 p.
ISBN 82-521-3821-7
Scandanavia <Motif> - Postal Stamp
In the form of a very lovely, and clearly laid out information book we are presented here with a catalog of postage stamps, all reproduced in full-color. They are organized in the manner of Stanley Gibbon's catalogs. For individual motifs and themes there are interesting to read, short historical and cultural tales given. (10+)

Norway (Norwegian) - 1994 - 186
Løland, Rasmus
Kvitebjørnen
(The Polar Bear)
Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, 1993. 117 p.
(Klassikarseiren for barn 1)
ISBN 82-521-4104-8
Everyday Life/Child - Norway
Løland (1861-1907) is one of the great classic writers of Norwegian children's literature who rightly deserves to be reprinted over and over again. These tales from the everyday lives of three children - Gunnar, Kolbein and Andres - in a Norwegian village reads just a smoothly today as a hundred years ago because of is humorous, sympathetic style of language.

Norway (Norwegian) - 1994 - 187
Viermyr, Marianne
Gøgeungen
(Cuckoo Child)
Aarhus: Forl. Modtryk, 1993. 155 p.
ISBN 87-7394-298-7
(Originalausgabe: Gjøkungen. Oslo: Gyldendal Norsk, 1991)
Illegitimate Child - Orphanage - Foster Parent - Siblings - Death - True Identity - Nightmare
A young girl who feels unwanted and misunderstood (her playmates tease her by calling her cuckoo child) has dark, inexplicable memories. Others seem to known more about her past than she does. She learns from her grandmother that she is the illegitimate, unwanted child of her "aunt", brought up in a home for children. Her helplessness within her surroundings, her search for the truth are vital and gripping, portrayed without tear-jerking sentimentality. (12+)

Norway (Norwegian) - 1994 - 188
Økland, Einar
Siste time : Ni ulike historier
(The Final Hour: Nine Different Stories)
Oslo: Det Norske Samlaget, 1992. 94 p.
ISBN 82-521-3893-4
Short Stories/Norwegian
Witty, reflective, surrealistic short stories by a renown Norwegian writer - potential texts for a future picture book? (10+)

Norway (Norwegian) - 1994 - 189
Sem, Ingebjerg Dahl
Flayten og tamet
(The Flute and the Tower)
Oslo: H. Aschehoug, 1993. 195 p.
ISBN 82-03-17089-7
Power Abuse
Arikko, a shepherd-boy from a village in the mountains, whose favorite lamb is flogged to death by knights, sets out on a quest for justice and gets caught up himself in a forces of power represented by the oppressor Rekado. The age-old theme of prostituted power and preservation of honor are treated here in a thrilling adventure story in the Nordic landscape and a long-ago time - good for a flight of the imagination in several hours of reading. (12+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 190
Eggens, Magda
Lagercrantz, Rose
... vad mina ogon har sett
(... What My Eyes Have Seen)
Stockholm: Raben & Sjogren, 1992. 77 p.
ISBN 91-29-62067-8
National Socialism - Jew/Persecution - Hungary m'Klory <1944-1945>
Rose Langercrantz has written the memoirs of a Hungarian Jewish girl as a first-person report. The internment of the family, the murder of the mother and little sister, the trembling with desire for survival until the liberation and the resettlement in Sweden, thanks to the Prince Foike Bemadotte Campaign have an especially great impact, which makes this book stand out among the numerous other books about similar experiences. (12+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 191
Hellberg, Hans-Eric
Bakorn masken
(Behind the Masks)
Stockholm: Bonniers junior, 1993. 166 p.
ISBN 91-48-52086-1
Burglar - Foreigner - Detective Story
Two girls try to retain the burglar who has broken into their apartment. When he offers resistance, the situation becomes dangerous, until they are rescued by Ali, a Lebanese refugee. But his sudden appearance makes him, too, suspicious. As a result of the ensuing investigation, he is faced with deportation. But when it is determined that, on the contrary, he had only been helpful, he, of course, can stay. A simple story, but well- written and suspenseful, especially suitable for youth who are reluctant readers. (12+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 192
Larsson, Mats
Alex Borell och Rasisterna
(Alex Borell and the Racists)
Stockholm: Norstedts, 1993. 127 p.
ISBN 91-1-937302-3
Sweden/History <1990-1993> -Neonazism - Right-Wing Extremism - Racism - Civil Courage - Detective Story
Neonazism in Sweden? It exists and is even suited to carry the plot of a detective story in which a youthful photographer who gets involved in a brutal encounter with right-wing extremists through his Chilean girlfriend decides to fight actively against it. This well-told and thrilling detective story set in the Stockholm scene does not misuse this topic to catch a corner of the market, but functions instead as a convincing call to civil courage in view of the racism spreading around Sweden. (13+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 193
Linde, Gunnel (text)
Nygren, Tord (illus.)
En som hat tur
(One Who Had Good Luck)
Stockholm: Norsteds Förlag, 1993. 85 p.
ISBN 91-1-927452-1
Holiday - Girl - Grandmother
The well-known Swedish author skillfully tells the easy to read, humorous story of a holiday in which a girl who travels with its little dog and big brother to visit grandmother gets involved in all kinds of adventures. (8+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 194
Nilsson, Per
Hjärtans fröjd
(Joy of My Heart < also: Lemon Balm))
Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren, 1992. 151 p.
ISBN 91-29-62125-9
Love
Love stories are on the rise, and hardly a youth novel, regardless of plot, can resist the attraction to this theme. This book deals with nothing other than seeking and finding, love and jealousy, fall and hope. That a math and music teacher is in a position to depict this old theme in such an enchanting, sensitive and yet linguistically ambitious style that one tumbles enchantedly on from one episode to another, lets one have hope for that profession. (15+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 195
Pohl, Peter
Gieth, Kinna
Jag saknar dig, jag saknar dig!
(I Miss You! I Miss You!)
Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren, 1993. 255 p.
ISBN 91-29-62104-6
Girl - Twin - Death - Mastery - First Love
A death breaks up the normal life of the twins Tina and Cilla, full of teenage problems and hopes, disrupting the harmonious and idyllic life of a family with stepmother and stepbrother. Cilla dies in a car accident. To mourn and to overcome mourning is a difficult task for Tina and her father, who until this event had been rather cold. A new love means a new beginning for Tina. Peter Pohl is the guiding hand behind this narration of a story of a surviving sister which is based on a true situation and he masterfully manages to combine fiction and reality. As is to be expected, he does not offer us "problem literature" which anxiously clings to pedagogical intentions, but instead through his original, often lightly ironic style into a lively picture of family life and an unconventional depletion of love between teenagers an electrifying reading experience. (15+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 196
Sundvall, Viveca (text)
Eriksson, Eva (illus.)
En barkbåt till Eddie
(A Cattle Boat for Eddie)
Stockholm: Rabén & Sjögren, 1992. 152 p.
ISBN 91-29-62146-1
Asthma - allergy - play therapy
Because Eddie is allergic to dogs, he experiences dangerous shortage of breath. His older brother saves him by notifying the emergency service. His stay in hospital is made easier by the play therapy they conduct with him there. Viveca Sundvall skillfully develops this dry, but seldom treated topic in an interesting and exciting manner. The excellent pencil drawings by Eva Eriksson make the book even more attractive. (12+)

Sweden (Swedish) - 1994 - 197
Wahl, Mats
Vinterviken
(The Winter Vik)
Stockholm: Bonniers, 1993. 287 p.
ISBN 91-48-52119-1
Sweden - Racism - Crime - Love
John-John has grown up in a socially deprived area. His friend Sluggo joins up with the Neonazis, and he himself is pushed by his friends into criminal acts. A love relationship, however, gives him the strength to keep his head up, even in this mess. In an impressive, demanding language, interwoven with poetic asides, the author depicts this inferno of botched childhoods, alcoholism, crime and racism - which Sweden is no longer spared. (14+)

Belgium (Flemish) - 1994 - 198
Daele, Henri van
En appels aan de overkant
(And Apples on the Other Side)
Tielt: Lannoo, 1992. 396 p.
ISBN 90-209-1884-2
Belgium/History 1950s - Childhood Memories
This is latest installment of tales about the author's childhood in which he tells about the important stages in life, such as the first visit to a secondary school, one's first self-earned money, about being in love. Not an easy story, it assumes the reader knows something about the history of Eastern Flanders. The story itself exudes with the safe atmosphere of the late 1950s, a time of big changes. Modern times were beginning, television and jeams became important. This is beautiful and honest report of childhood, filled with hilarity - a boy's life told in small, often surprising and moving details. A plain but sparkling story for a small group of readers who are open to such tales. (14+)

The Netherlands (Dutch) - 1994 - 199
Lieshout, Ted van (text/illus.)
Multiple Noise
(Multiple Noise)
Amsterdam: Leopold, 1992. 64 p.
ISBN 90-258-3962-2
Poetry
With this title Van Lieshout reaches the summit of juvenile verse-writing in Holland. It is not a book of poetry in the classical sense, but rather a genesis. The subtitle Poems, Studies, Thumbnail Sketches and Rough Drafts" clearly indicates the book's intention. With the illustrations and poems presented side by side, the poet and illustrator, in one person, feel at ease with each other, "There is not so much difference between a poem and a drawing. One starts with a blank sheet of paper on which something has to come into existence. One draws words with lines or one writes with lines a drawing." The poems show someone searching for something, someone longing for freedom and security, someone's moods and thoughts. At the end of the book, the various illustration techniques are explained, adding a further dimension to the publication. It is to be commended that Lieshout's publisher dares to publish a book of this kind, which is likely to appeal only to a small readership. (13+)

The Netherlands (Dutch) - 1994 - 200
Vries, Anke de
Blauwew plekken
(Black and Blue)
Rotterdam: Lemniscaat, 1992. 170 p.
ISBN 90-6069-831-2
Child Abuse
Even if Judith does her best, she can never please her mother. Once in a terrible rage, her mother beat Judith black and blue. The girl had to invent stories to cover up for her absence from school. By making friends with her new classmate Michiel, she discovers what it means to live in a happy family. For a long time no one had been aware of Judith's problem, but finally Michiel grows suspicious and able to provide some help. This is a fascinating and smoothly written book with an open end that incites the reader to think things over. The prospect that Judith will get help is only touched upon. In this near documentary story of an abused child, the childhood experiences of Judith's mother, which lay at the root of her own behavior, are also described in a captivating way. (11+)

The Netherlands (Dutch) - 1994 - 201
Kolk, Anton van der (text)
Fialkowski, Camila (illus.)
Een pelikaan op straat
(A Pelican Out on the Streets)
Amsterdam: Van Goor, 1992. 136 p.
ISBN 90-00-02887-6
Multicultural Society - Moving House - Culture Clash
Six-year-old Marita moves from a small Costa Rican island, to the Netherlands, to live with Erik, her mother's boyfriend. Everything there is different, causing some funny situations to arise. It is not easy for the spontaneous Marita to get used to a country in which it often rains, is often chilly and there are strange habits to get used to every day. The problems caused by this move, the adjustment to an entirely new way of life. are perceptively described by the author in this debut novel, a smoothly written story. This book was awarded the Jenny Smelik IBBY Prize In 1993, which is given an author or illustrator of a juvenile work that contributes to the better understanding of minority groups, especially allochtonous peoples. (8+)

The Netherlands (Frisian) - 1994 - 202
Wassenaar, Jaitsche (text)
Laurens, Bontes (illus.)
It pak ffan ús heit
(My father's Suit)
Ljouwert: AFUK, 1993. 133 p.
ISBN 90 6273 476 6
Netherlands/History <1944-1948> - National Socialism - Collaboration
Eight-year old Jetske feels insecure at home and out on the streets, because her father is a member of the Dutch National Socialists Movements. She only feels safe in a little spot near the graveyard where she is able to escape from the cold world around her and indulge in her fantasies. The experiences of Jetske and her family over a period of several years after the Second World War and the family conflicts resulting in the father's insistence on maintaining his party membership are related here sympathetically and without dramatic climax. Subtle characterizations of the main characters, as well as Jetske's emotional conflicts are well developed. (10+)